Worldwide Steam Fire Engine Register

 
The aim of this page is to list surviving steam fire engines/pumps around the world, with details such as serial number, date of manufacture and location. If you have any additions or corrections to the list then please email me. The engines are listed alphabetically by manufacturer below.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 
C. Ahrens & Co. / Ahrens Manufacturing Co. (USA)

The Ahrens story begins with Alexander "Moses" Latta of Cincinnati, Ohio, who is widely credited with building the first successful steam fire engine in the USA in 1852. One of the employees at the Latta works was a young German-born apprentice named Chris Ahrens, and when the A. B. & E. Latta firm sold out to Lane & Bodley in 1863, Ahrens was placed in charge of fire engine production. In 1868 the business was sold to Ahrens, who renamed it C. Ahrens & Co., and a number of improvements were made to Latta's original designs. A further name change came in 1877 when the firm became known as the Ahrens Manufacturing Co., and over the next few decades Ahrens engines would develop an enviable reputation, winning numerous competitions and holding every steam fire engine world record. In 1891 Ahrens joined with rivals Silsby, Button and Clapp & Jones to form the American Fire Engine Co., but continued to develop and produce its own designs.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
32 1873 2nd size Butler County Historical Society, Hamilton, Ohio, USA
182 1877 3rd size Michigan Firehouse Museum, Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA
202 1878 4th size Fire Museum, Washington, Indiana, USA
274 1881 2nd size Oshkosh Public Museum, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, USA
378 1883 3rd size Carillon Historical Park, Dayton, Ohio, USA
392 1884 3rd size Dallas Firefighters Museum, Dallas, Texas, USA
394 1884 3rd size Cincinnati Fire Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
415 1885 5th size St Paris, Ohio, USA
425 1885 4th size Arcanum Fire Dept, Ohio, USA
433 1885 5th size Seymour Fire Dept, Indiana, USA
457 1886 5th size Wayne Township Fire Dept, Ohio, USA
459 1886 4th size Jacksonville Fire Dept, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
481 1887 5th size Ripley Museum, Ripley, Ohio, USA
487 1887 6th size Allen County Museum, Lima, Ohio, USA
532 1888 4th size Grant's Farm, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
541 1888 5th size Western Reserve Fire Museum, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
543 1888 3rd size Calico Ghost Town, California, USA
544 1888 3rd size Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
549 1888 3rd size McKinley Museum, Canton, Ohio, USA
555 1889 5th size Morrow Fire Dept, Morrow, Ohio, USA
577 (1) 1889 4th size Yakima Valley Museum, Yakima, Washington, USA
605 1890 4th size Clinton County Historical Society, Wilmington, Ohio, USA
626 (2) 1890 2nd size Heritage Park of North Iowa, Forest City, Iowa, USA
641 1891 5th size Belle Plaine Fire Dept, Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
668 1892 3rd size Tower-Soudan Historical Society, Tower, Minnesota, USA
n/a n/a n/a Ghost Town, Murdo, South Dakota, USA
n/a n/a n/a Cannonsburgh Village, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
(1) Rebuilt with Nott boiler and rebadged as Nott No.568.
(2) Fitted with LaFrance engine/pump.


 

Ahrens Fire Engine Co. / Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Co. (USA)

In 1905 Ahrens left the American Fire Engine Co. conglomerate to form the Ahrens Fire Engine Co. One of the key figures in the company at this time was Charles Fox, son-in-law of Chris Ahrens himself and a talented engineer. He pioneered a number of innovations such as a new design of boiler with vertical tubes, and the "Columbian" steam fire engine, the first to carry its own hoses on board. In 1910 the importance of Fox's contributions was reflected in a change in the company's name to the Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Co. The first petrol-powered engine was unveiled the following year, the first of many innovations in self-propelled engine design, and Ahrens-Fox went on to build an unassailable reputation for the highest-quality fire engines over subsequent decades.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
104 1905 1st size Continental Southeastern Railway Museum, Duluth, Georgia, USA
106 1906 3rd size Continental Galion Historical Society Museum, Galion, Ohio, USA
110 1906 X1 size Old Firehouse & Police Museum, Superior, Wisconsin, USA
112 1906 2nd size Continental Beerbower Park, McCleary, Washington, USA
123 1907 3rd size Continental Everett Fire Dept, Everett, Washington, USA
125 1907 3rd size Continental Ohio History Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA
131 1907 2nd size Continental Valdez Museum, Valdez, Alaska, USA
135 1907 2nd size Continental Aurora Regional Fire Museum, Illinois, USA
139 1909 3rd size Continental Central Mutual Insurance Company, Van Wert, Ohio, USA
140 1908 3rd size Continental Charleston Civic Center, Charleston, West Virginia, USA
155 1908 2nd size Continental Michigan Firehouse Museum, Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA
170 1909 1st size Continental Schuylkill Historical Fire Society, Pennsylvania, USA (owners Allentown FD)
179 1910 1st size Continental Fire Museum of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
184 1911 3rd size Continental Friendship Fire Co. Museum, Woodbury, New Jersey, USA
199 (1) 1913 2nd size Continental Nethercutt Museum, Sylmar, California, USA
205 (2) 1916 2nd size Continental New Hampshire, USA
(1) Fitted with 1913 Christie tractor.
(2) Last steam fire engine built by Ahrens-Fox; mounted on a White truck chassis.


 

Allerton Iron Works (USA)

The Allerton Iron Works Manufacturing Company was formed in 1868 at Naugatuck, Connecticut and built a small number of steam fire engines over the next few years, including several for the city of New York. The company subsequently relocated to Newark, Connecticut and then to New Haven, and was known as C.G. Allerton & Co. and later Allerton & Stevens. In one form or another it is believed to have continued building steamers until the mid-1880s.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
12 1869 n/a Wayne County Historical Society, Wooster, Ohio, USA


 

American Fire Engine Co. / American-LaFrance (USA)

The American Fire Engine Company was formed in 1891 as a joint venture between the Silsby Manufacturing Co. of Seneca Falls, New York, the Ahrens Manufacturing Co. of Cincinnati, Ohio, the Clapp & Jones Manufacturing Co. of Hudson, New York, and the Button Fire Engine Co. of Waterford, New York. The idea of the merger was to reduce losses resulting from competition and legal disputes over patent rights, although each firm retained its own separate factory and products line. New models of engine were also introduced, the first of which was the "Columbian" (see above) that was designed for suburban fire stations of large cities. Around 1898 the "Metropolitan" model appeared, which would go on to become the company's best selling engine. On 14th December 1899, the American Fire Engine Co. joined forces with a number of other manufacturers of fire apparatus to form the International Fire Engine Company, with the aim of completely eliminating all competition of among fire equipment manufacturers. By 1904, however, the new venture was in trouble; unable to raise enough capital to cover its debts it went into receivership, and the surviving constituent companies went their own ways again. American took the decision to join forces with one of its former greatest rivals, the LaFrance Fire Engine Co. of Elmira, New York, to form the American-LaFrance Fire Engine Company, a name which would later become synonymous with the manufacture of fire engines in the United States.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
2104 1892 3rd size Ahrens Chattanooga Fire Dept, Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA
2105 1892 3rd size Ahrens USA
2106 1892 3rd size Ahrens Houston Fire Museum, Houston, Texas, USA
2110 1892 3rd size Ahrens Gahanna, Ohio, USA
2117 1892 2nd size Silsby FDNY Fleet Services Division, New York, USA
2133 1892 4th size Silsby Downingtown Fire Dept, Downingtown, Pennsylvania, USA
2142 1893 3rd size Ahrens Chicago Fire Academy, Chicago, Illinois, USA
2215 1893 3rd size Silsby Jefferson, Wisconsin, USA
2250 1893 3rd size Ahrens Rushville Fire Dept, Rushville, Indiana, USA
2252 1894 3rd size Ahrens Loveland-Symmes Fire Dept, Ohio, USA
2268 (1) 1894 3rd size Clapp & Jones Woodland Fire Museum, Woodland, California, USA
2272 1894 4th size Silsby USA
2328 1895 3rd size Ahrens Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
2359 1895 3rd size American Norwich Fire Dept, Norwich, New York, USA
2364 1895 5th size Ahrens Leipsic, Ohio/Toledo Firefighters Museum, Toledo, Ohio, USA
2372 1895 5th size Silsby Middleport Fire Company, Middleport, New York, USA
2378 1895 3rd size American Millers Mutual Insurance, Lansing, Michigan, USA
2386 1895 5th size Ahrens Oxford Fire Dept, Oxford, Ohio, USA
2392 1895 2nd size Clapp & Jones Dawson City Fire Dept, Dawson City, Yukon, Canada
2428 1896 2nd size Ahrens New Orleans Fire Dept Museum, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
2437 (2) 1896 Metropolitan Primera Compañia de Bomberos de Los Andes, Chile
2453 1896 3rd size Silsby Easton Volunteer Fire Dept, Easton, Maryland, USA
2471 1896 5th size Silsby Fire Museum, Rocky Mount, North Carolina, USA
2483 1896 3rd size Silsby Wissahickon Fire Co, Ambler, Pennsylvania, USA
2606 1898 2nd size Metropolitan Dr. Lester L. Williams Fire Museum, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
2639 1899 1st size Metropolitan Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
2640 (3) 1899 1st size Metropolitan Community Volunteer Fire Company No.1, Wayne, New Jersey, USA
2642 1899 3rd size Metropolitan Fire Museum of Maryland, Lutherville, Maryland, USA
2653 1899 1st size Metropolitan Washington, USA
2665 1899 4th size Clapp & Jones Sanfilippo Estate, Barrington Hills, Illinois, USA
2676 (4) 1899 2nd size Metropolitan San Jose Fire Museum, San Jose, California, USA
2686 1899 1st size Metropolitan Last Resort Fire Dept Museum, Seattle, Washington, USA
2690 1899 1st size Silsby Task Force Tips Museum, Valparaiso, Indiana, USA
2695 1899 4th size Ahrens Aberdeen, Mississippi, USA
2696 1899 1st size Metropolitan Greater Southwest Historical Museum, Ardmore, Oklahoma, USA
2722 1900 5th size Metropolitan Michigamme Museum, Michigamme, Michigan, USA
2723 1900 1st size Metropolitan Williams County Historical Museum, Montpelier, Ohio, USA
2737 1900 1st size Metropolitan Venerable Fire Company Museum, Slinger, Wisconsin, USA
2741 1900 3rd size Metropolitan Fort Smith Museum of History, Fort Smith, Arkansas, USA
2761 1900 3rd size Metropolitan New London Historical Society, New London, New Hampshire, USA
2765 1900 3rd size Metropolitan Tennessee State Museum, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
2789 1901 1st size Metropolitan El Paso Firefighters Museum, El Paso, Texas, USA
2797 1901 3rd size Metropolitan New York State Museum, Albany, New York, USA
2806 1901 2nd size Metropolitan Fire Station #2, Traverse City, Michigan, USA
2807 1901 2nd size Metropolitan Parque de los Bomberos, Matanzas, Cuba
2813 1902 3rd size Metropolitan Charlotte Fire Dept, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
2821 1902 X1 size Metropolitan Kansas Firefighters Museum, Wichita, Kansas, USA
2823 1902 2nd size Metropolitan San Diego Firehouse Museum, San Diego, California, USA
2824 (5) 1902 X1 size Metropolitan Oregon, USA
2844 1902 1st size Metropolitan Pioneer Memorial Museum, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
2859 1902 1st size Metropolitan Harold Warp's Pioneer Village, Minden, Nebraska, USA
2888 (6) 1902 2nd size Silsby Museum of the Albemarle, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, USA
2892 1903 X1 size Metropolitan Aberdeen Museum of History, Aberdeen, Washington, USA
2894 1903 2nd size Metropolitan Columbia Fire Museum, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
2900 1903 3rd size Metropolitan USA
2902 (7) 1902 X1 size Clapp & Jones Old State House, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
2910 1902 3rd size Metropolitan Idaho State Historical Society Transportation Museum, Boise, Idaho, USA
2911 1902 2nd size Metropolitan Mansfield Fire Museum, Mansfield, Ohio, USA
2917 1903 5th size Silsby Nassau County Firefighters Museum, Long Island, New York, USA
2928 1903 2nd size Metropolitan Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
2937 1903 5th size Cosmopolitan County Building, Harrisville, Michigan, USA
2946 1903 1st size Metropolitan Evansville Museum Transportation Center, Evansville, Indiana, USA
2947 1903 3rd size Metropolitan Washington Engine Co. No.2, Riverhead, New York, USA
2952 1903 4th size Metropolitan S.M. Vauclain Fire Co., Crum Lynne, Pennsylvania, USA
2959 1904 5th size Cosmopolitan American-LaFrance Museum, North Charleston, South Carolina, USA
2969 1904 2nd size Metropolitan Hall of Flame, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
2991 1904 1st size Metropolitan San Diego Firehouse Museum, San Diego, California, USA
2997 1904 2nd size Metropolitan Upper Valley Joint Vocational School, Piqua, Ohio, USA
2998 1904 2nd size Metropolitan Topeka Fire Department, Topeka, Kansas, USA
3006 1904 X1 size Metropolitan Eureka Fire Dept, Eureka, California, USA
3019 1905 2nd size? Metropolitan Phoenix Fire Museum, Mobile, Alabama, USA
3020 1905 2nd size? Metropolitan Phoenix Fire Museum, Mobile, Alabama, USA
3022 1904 3rd size Metropolitan Santa Rosa Fire Dept, Santa Rosa, California, USA
3024 1905 4th size Metropolitan Alexis Fire Equipment, Alexis, Illinois, USA
3030 (8) 1904 3rd size Silsby Mount Holly Fire Dept, Mount Holly, New Jersey, USA
3033 1904 5th size Silsby Nicholson Fire Co., Nicholson, Pennsylvania, USA
3041 1905 2nd size Metropolitan Winona County History Center, Winona, Minnesota, USA
3044 1905 2nd size Metropolitan St Paul Fire Dept, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
3057 1906 5th size Cosmopolitan Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan, USA
3059 1906 1st size Metropolitan Utica National Insurance, Utica, New York, USA
3060 1906 2nd size Metropolitan New York, USA
3061 1906 3rd size Metropolitan Raleigh Fire Dept, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
3076 1905 3rd size Metropolitan Capitol Fire Museum, Washington, D.C., USA
3085 1905 3rd size Metropolitan San Jose Fire Museum, San Jose, California, USA
3093 1905 2nd size Metropolitan Wyandotte County Historical Museum, Bonner Springs, Kansas, USA
3098 1905 2nd size Metropolitan Fort Walla Walla Museum, Walla Walla, Washington, USA
3100 1905 3rd size Metropolitan Fire Museum, Altamont Fair, Altamont, New York, USA
3122 1906 1st size Metropolitan USA
3125 (9) 1906 2nd size Metropolitan New Jersey Fire Museum, Allaire State Park, New Jersey, USA
3136 1906 4th size Metropolitan Smithsonian Insitution, Washington, D.C., USA
3158 (10) 1906 4th size Metropolitan Fire Dept, Burbank, California, USA
3166 1906 4th size Metropolitan Chemung County Historical Society, Elmira, New York, USA
3171 (11) 1906 X1 size Metropolitan Harold Warp's Pioneer Village, Minden, Nebraska, USA
3178 1907 2nd size Metropolitan Albany Fire Museum, Albany, Oregon, USA
3184 1907 X1 size Metropolitan Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
3185 (12) 1907 2nd size Metropolitan Last Resort Fire Dept Museum, Seattle, Washington, USA
3191 1907 2nd size Metropolitan Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
3192 1907 2nd size Metropolitan Forest Grove Fire Dept, Forest Grove, Oregon, USA
3203 1907 1st size Metropolitan Fireman's Hall Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
3208 1907 3rd size Metropolitan Museum Village, Monroe, New York, USA
3209 1907 1st size Metropolitan Fire Dept, Boise, Idaho, USA
3222 1907 2nd size Metropolitan Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, California, USA
3226 1908 4th size Metropolitan Museo de la Ciudad, Havana, Cuba
3240 1908 3rd size Metropolitan Galveston Railroad Museum, Galveston, Texas, USA
3242 1908 1st size Metropolitan Knoxville Fire Dept, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
3246 1908 3rd size Metropolitan Fire Museum, Biloxi, Mississippi, USA
3258 1908 2nd size Metropolitan Transportation Museum, San Antonio, Texas, USA
3273 1909 3rd size Metropolitan Danville Fire Dept, Danville, Virginia, USA
3274 1909 5th size Cosmopolitan Rockland County Fire Training Centre, Pomona, New York, USA
3296 1909 3rd size Metropolitan Schuylkill Historical Fire Society, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, USA
3304 1910 2nd size Metropolitan Gilmore Car Museum, Hickory Corners, Michigan, USA
3314 1910 5th size Cosmopolitan FASNY Museum of Firefighting, New York, USA
3317 1910 3rd size Metropolitan National Guard Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
3327 1911 3rd size Metropolitan Portland Fire & Rescue, Portland, Oregon, USA
3329 1911 1st size Metropolitan Atlanta Historical Museum, Georgia, USA
3330 1911 1st size Metropolitan Montgomery, Alabama, USA
3332 1911 2nd size Metropolitan Rescue Fire Company, Cambridge, Maryland, USA
3342 1911 2nd size Metropolitan Chico Fire Dept, Chico, California, USA
3344 1911 5th size Cosmopolitan Pioneer Museum, Fredericksburg, Texas, USA
3352 1911 3rd size Metropolitan Orlando Fire Museum, Orlando, Florida, USA
3356 1911 2nd size Metropolitan Liberty Hall Museum Firehouse, Union, New Jersey, USA
3368 1912 2nd size Metropolitan Durham, North Carolina, USA
3374 1912 3rd size Metropolitan American-LaFrance Museum, North Charleston, South Carolina, USA
3377 1911 4th size Metropolitan Rockville Veteran Firemen's Association, Vernon Rockville, Connecticut, USA
3384 (13) 1913 2nd size Metropolitan New York City Fire Museum, New York, USA
3408 1913 3rd size Metropolitan Indianapolis Fire Dept Museum, Indiana, USA
3437 1915 2nd size? Metropolitan New Jersey Firemen's Home Museum, Boonton, New Jersey, USA
n/a n/a Metropolitan Museo del Bombero, Guayaquil, Ecuador
n/a (14) n/a Metropolitan Manila, Philippines
n/a 1907 Metropolitan Red's Old 395 Grill, Carson City, Nevada, USA
n/a n/a n/a Louisville, Ohio, USA
(1) Rebuild of Clapp & Jones of 1874.
(2) Originally built as Clapp & Jones type engine.
(3) Fitted with 1914 Christie tractor.
(4) Fitted with 1914 Knox-Martin three-wheeled tractor.
(5) Fitted with American-LaFrance tractor No.1339.
(6) Rebuild of Silsby No.413 of 1873, 3rd size.
(7) Fitted with 1912 American & British electric tractor.
(8) Rebuild of Silsby No.634 of 1880, 4th size.
(9) Fitted with American-LaFrance tractor.
(10) Fitted with 1914 Christie tractor.
(11) Fitted with American-LaFrance tractor.
(12) Fitted with 1916 Seagrave Model K tractor.
(13) Fitted with Christie tractor.
(14) Fitted with Christie tractor.


 

Amoskeag (USA)

The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of Manchester, New Hampshire built its first steam fire engine in 1859 and sold it for $3000 to the city of Manchester, where it remained in service for 17 years. This engine had a cylindrical frame, which also served as a water tank, under which was mounted a rotary pump. Two years later they introduced their "Harp" style of engine, which took its name from the elegant hexagonal-section solid brass frame that was shaped like a harp. More conventional designs followed from 1866 onwards, and by 1872 they were also building self-propelled engines - possibly the most famous of these saw service with the fire Dept of Hartford, Connecticut and was nicknamed "Jumbo" due to its impressive size. Amoskeag fire engines soon developed an enviable reputation for high quality construction and were shipped as far afield as Chile and Siberia. In 1877 the company was sold to the Manchester Locomotive Works, but the production of steam fire engines continued. By the time the last Amoskeag engine left the production line in 1913, a total of 853 units had been built.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
52 1862 2nd size Oklahoma State Firefighters Museum, Oklahoma, USA
75 1863 2nd size North Plainfield, New Jersey, USA?
78 1863 2nd size Pacific Heritage Association, Oregon, USA
182 1866 2nd size Owego Fire Dept, Owego, New York, USA
199 1866 3rd size Minersville Fire Dept, Minersville, Pennsylvania, USA
202 1866 2nd size n/a
283 1868 1st size Drake Well Museum, Titusville, Pennsylvania, USA
298 1868 1st size Morris, Illinois, USA
313 1869 1st size Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois, USA
325 1869 3rd size Segunda Compañia del Cuerpo de Bomberos de Copiapó, Chile
329 1870 1st size Charleston Fire Dept Central Station, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
334 1870 3rd size Greenwood City Fire Dept, Greenwood, South Carolina, USA
340 1870 2nd size Portsmouth Fire Dept, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA
353 1870 2nd size Canada Science and Technology Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
364 1871 2nd size Charles River Museum of Industry, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
369 1871 3rd size Millyard Museum, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA
372 1871 2nd size Monitor Engine Co. Firehouse Museum, Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, USA
377 1872 3rd size Houlton Fire Dept, Houlton, Maine, USA
398 1872 2nd size Woodstock Fire Dept, Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada
406 1873 3rd size Old Depot Museum, Selma, Alabama, USA
409 1872 2nd size Sloan Museum, Flint, Michigan, USA
414 1872 1st size n/a
425 1873 3rd size Somerville Fire Museum, Somerville, New Jersey, USA
430 1873 2nd size Lenox Fire Company, Lenox, Massachusetts, USA
458 1873 2nd size Exeter Fire Museum, Exeter, New Hampshire, USA
459 1873 2nd size n/a
483 1877 1st size USA
485 1874 1st size Long Island Museum, Stony Brook, New York, USA
525 1877 2nd size Fire Department, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, Canada
529 1879 3rd size Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, USA
537 1878 4th size Historic Belmont Firehouse, Portland, Oregon, USA
552 1885 4th size Fire Museum of Maryland, Lutherville, Maryland, USA
558 1881 3rd size Seal Cove Auto Museum, Maine, USA
560 1882 X1 size Central Ohio Fire Museum, Columbus, Ohio, USA
571 1882 3rd size Fairfield Fire Dept, Fairfield, Maine, USA
578 (1) 1882 X1 size Boston Fire Museum, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
580 1883 2nd size Rockford, Illinois, USA
583 1884 3rd size New Jersey Firemen's Home Museum, Boonton, New Jersey, USA
592 1884 2nd size New Bedford Fire Museum, New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
596 1884 3rd size Carriage and Western Art Museum, Santa Barbara, California, USA
613 1885 2nd size Reynolds-Alberta Museum, Alberta, Canada, USA
626 1887 2nd size Los Angeles Fire Dept Museum, California, USA
631 1887 2nd size Ohio, USA
639 1889 3rd size n/a
644 (2) 1889 DX1 size n/a
651 1890 3rd size San Jose Fire Museum, San Jose, California, USA
662 1890 2nd size New Bedford Fire Museum, New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
666 1890 2nd size Snohomish Fire & Rescue, Snohomish, Washington, USA
674 1891 2nd size Ohio, USA
694 1893 3rd size Camden, Maine, USA
701 1893 X1 size Fort Wayne Firefighters Museum, Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA
725 (3) 1896 2nd size Boston Fire Museum, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
764 (4) 1901 DX1 size Wilson Volunteer Fire Co., Windsor, Connecticut, USA
767 1901 4th size Swanzey Historical Museum, West Swanzey, New Hampshire, USA
771 1902 3rd size Seaside No.1 Firehouse, Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts, USA
779 (5) 1905 X1 size Owls Head Transportation Museum, Owls Head, Maine, USA
783 1905 2nd size Berlin Fire Dept, Berlin, New Hampshire, USA
796 1906 3rd size Pemigewasset Fire Station, Lincoln, New Hampshire, USA
798 1906 1st size Richmond, Virginia, USA
809 1906 1st size Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan, USA
810 (6) 1907 X1 size Narragansett Fire Dept, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA
819 1907 1st size Belfast Fire Association Museum, Belfast, Maine, USA
822 1907 n/a Long Beach Fire Dept Museum, Long Beach, California, USA
831 1907 n/a Wakefield Fire Dept, Wakefield, Massachusetts, USA
836 (7) 1908 1st size Cole Land Transportation Museum, Maine, USA
846 1909 1st size Pemigewasset Fire Station, Lincoln, New Hampshire, USA
n/a (8) 1863 2nd size Firefighters Museum, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Denver Firefighters Museum, Denver, Colorado, USA
n/a n/a n/a New Hampshire, USA
n/a n/a n/a Relief Fire Company, Old Town, Alexandria, Virginia, USA
n/a n/a n/a House on the Rock, Spring Green, Wisconsin, USA
(1) Fitted with Christie tractor.
(2) Fitted with 1915 American & British (A&B) petrol-electric tractor; originally self-propelled.
(3) Fitted with Christie tractor.
(4) Self-propelled.
(5) Fitted with 1918 American-LaFrance tractor.
(6) Semi-mounted on Federal truck.
(7) Fitted with 1917 Christie tractor.
(8) Either No.65 or No.70, both of which were new to St John, New Brunswick.


 

Beduwe (Belgium/Germany)

The Beduwe firm was founded at Aachen, Germany 1840 by Peter Joseph Béduwé, who came from a family of coppersmiths and had served his apprenticeship in this trade with the Requile company near Liège in Belgium. Established as a brass foundry, the Beduwe works soon expanded to include the manufacture of church bells and fire extinguishers. In the 1860s Beduwe took over the Requile concern in Belgium and subsequently divided the Aachen and Liège branches between his two sons, while retaining overall control. At a trade exhibition in Middelburg, Netherlands the Liège branch run by Caesar Joseph Beduwe won first prize and a gold medal for its hand fire pumps. The Aachen branch, under Johann Andreas Hubert Beduwe, received a contract to supply the Aachen and Munich Fire Insurance Company with around 5000 fire pumps, to be provided free of charge to cities and communities in the Rhineland. The company also began to focus on steam fire engines, and one of these was awarded an honorary diploma at a Swiss fire equipment exhibition in 1890. Both companies continued to expand and further develop their product lines until the Second World War, after which the restructuring of industry brought an end to the activities of the Aachen branch; the Liège branch survived a little longer, but finally closed its doors in 1952.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
181 1902 n/a Feuerwehr Duisberg, Germany
245 1910 n/a Stoomcentrum, Maldegem, Belgium
n/a 1880 n/a Brandweermuseum Wouwse Plantage, Netherlands
n/a n/a n/a 'Private Fire Brigade' Museum, Aalst, Belgium


 

Bikkers (Netherlands)

Alexander Bikkers founded a company at Rotterdam in 1873 to manufacture fire pumps. His sons also became involved with the business, and in 1872 the company A. Bikkers & Zoon was granted a royal charter. In 1887 Bikkers cooperated with the English firm of Merryweather to build horse-drawn steam fire engines for the Dutch market, and in 1904 the company received an order from the municipality of Nijmegen for a steam-powered machine for emptying cesspits. It was a small step to adapt this to a self-propelled steam fire engine, and six of these were built in 1906 for use in Rotterdam and The Hague. By 1915 Bikkers had built a total of 64 horse-drawn steam fire engines, but after the war they shifted their focus to motor-powered engines, which formed the core of the business until it ceased trading in 1983.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
10 1897 n/a Nationaal Brandweermuseum, Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
36 1905 n/a Brandweermuseum, Borculo, Netherlands
46 1908 n/a Stichting Historisch Brandweermaterieel, The Hague, Netherlands
57 1910 n/a Stichting Stoomspuit Gorkum, Gorinchem, Netherlands
n/a 1901 n/a Fire Brigade, Wormerveer, Netherlands
n/a (1) 1907 n/a Louwman Museum/Nationaal Automobiel Museum, The Hague, Netherlands
n/a 1907 Stationary Pump Stichting Historisch Brandweermaterieel, The Hague, Netherlands
n/a 1913 n/a Nationaal Brandweermuseum, Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
(1) This is actually a steam-powered machine built for emptying cesspits in Amsterdam, but is included here for completeness as it formed the basis of Bikkers' subsequent self-propelled steam fire engine.


 

Braun (Germany)

In 1845 Justus Christian Braun set up a factory in Nürnberg, where he manufactured components for gas pipes. By 1868 he had built a hand-powered portable fire engine that was displayed at an exhibition in Gunzenhausen, and was also offering pumps and hydraulic presses. He soon outgrew his old premises and moved to a new site, where he rechristened the company the "Nürnberger Feuerlöschgeräte- und Maschinenfabrik AG vormals Justus Christian Braun". When Braun died in 1877, his three sons took over the running of the business, and in 1890 they introduced their first steam fire engine; around 50 of these were built before the company shifted its focus to motor-powered fire engines. In 1911 the company developed links with the Premier Cycle Co. of London, and it was renamed "Justus Christian Braun-Premier-Werke", but two years later this new concern went into liquidation. The abandoned site was leased by local wagon-builder Karl Schmidt, who restarted production of fire-fighting equipment under the name "Feuerlöschgeräte & Fahrzeugfabrik Karl Schmidt". This concern subsequently merged with Fahrzeugfabrik Ansbach AG to form "Fahrzeugfabriken Ansbach Und Nürnberg" (FAUN), which would go to become a legendary manufacturer of specialist trucks.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
16 1893 n/a Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany
27 1899 n/a Feuerwehr-Museum, Bamberg, Germany
39 1902 n/a Freiwillige Feuerwehr Bozen, Bolzano, Italy
51 1905 n/a Feuerwehr Hof, Germany


 

Budapest Pump and Machine Works (Hungary)

Ferenc (Franz) Walser was born in the Hungarian city of Pest (now part of Budapest) in 1827, and completed an apprenticeship with master bell-founder András Schaudt. In 1858 he established his own bell foundry and fire pump factory, which by 1870 was employing 200 people. Although production initially focused on hand engines, in 1876 Walser built Hungary's first steam fire engine, which was named "Budapest" and entered service the following year. By 1897 the company had becomeknown as Budapesti Szivattyú- és Gépgyár Rt. [Budapest Pump and Machine Works Ltd] and one of its steam fire engines, named "Hungária", took part in an international competition in Paris in 1900. Walser passed away the following year, but the business continued until 1913, when it merged with Teudloff-Dittrich.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1910 n/a Tűzoltó Múzeum, Eger, Hungary
n/a n/a n/a Tűzoltó Múzeum, Budapest, Hungary


 

Busch (Germany)

The W.C.F. Busch firm was formed in 1846 and was an established manufacturer of electric trams at Hamburg-Eimsbüttel when it took over Maschinenfabrik Melzer & Co KG of Bautzen in Saxony in 1896. The parent company's name was changed to "Wagenbauanstalt und Waggonfabrik für elektrische Bahnen vormals W.C.F. Busch" and by 1900 they company had three separate premises at Bautzen: one for building rail wagons; another for steam fire engines and other road vehicles; and a foundry. In 1903 the name was changed again to "Waggon- und Maschinenfabrik AG vorm. Busch", and several years later a small number of self-propelled steam fire engines were built. By the First World War the company had moved its operations base to Bautzen and had become the largest producer of rail wagons in Saxony, and one of the largest in Germany. A merger with Linke-Hofmann AG Breslau and Sächsischen Waggonfabrik AG Werdau in 1928 created "Linke-Hofmann-Busch-Werke AG", and the company built rolling stock under this name until 2009, when it was renamed "Alstom Transport Germany GmbH".
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
200 1888 n/a Nds. Akademie für Brand- und Katastrophenschutz, Celle, Germany
429 1899 n/a Torgauer Feuerwehrmuseum, Torgau, Germany
464 1901 n/a Deutsches Feuerwehr-Museum, Fulda, Germany
530 1904 n/a Feuerwehrmuseum Berlin, Germany
550 1905 self-propelled Schweizerisches Feuerwehrmuseum, Basel, Switzerland
591 1906 n/a Primera Compañía de Bomberos 'Germania' de La Unión, Chile
598 1908 n/a Muzeum Pożarnictwa, Warsaw, Poland
617 1908 n/a Deutsches Feuerwehr-Museum, Fulda, Germany
660 1914 n/a AG Feuerwehrhistorik Riesa, Zeithain, Germany
n/a 1889 n/a Primera Compañía de Bomberos 'Esmeralda' de Los Lagos, Chile
n/a 1905 n/a Fire Brigade, Rakvere, Estonia
n/a n/a n/a Museo del Heroico Cuerpo de Bomberos, Toluca, Mexico


 

Button (USA)

Lysander Button was born at New Haven, Connecticut in 1810, although his family moved to Albany, New York in 1825. Button's first job was as a machinist in the factory owned by John Rogers at nearby Waterford. Rogers built hand-powered fire engines and Button would gain valuable experience in this area, rising through the ranks to become foreman, partner and eventually owner of the factory in 1841, which was renamed "L. Button & Co." Button introduced his own design of hand-powered engine in 1834, and these soon became very popular, developing a reputation as the best hand-engine available at the time. The company built its first steam fire engine in 1862, which was sold to the city of Battle Creek, Michigan, and fourteen years later a Button steamer won the Centennial Award at the Philadelphia International Exhibition. Button's early engines were of the straight-frame design, with a single pump and steam cylinder arranged horizontally on the frame; later engines, however, were of the crane-neck design and were offered in six sizes. Many innovations in fire engine design were introduced by Button together with Robert Blake, who was a partner in the company for a number of years, when it became known as "Button & Blake"; after Button's son Theodore joined the firm the name was changed again to "Button & Son". Lysander Button retired from engine-building in 1882, selling the factory and many of his patent rights to Holroyd & Co., also of Waterford, NY. In 1891 the Button Fire Engine Co. joined several other firms in forming the American Fire Engine Company (see above), which continued to produce steam fire engines to Button's design as part of its product range.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
46 1868 n/a Augusta Museum of History, Augusta, Georgia, USA
66 1871 3rd size FASNY Museum of Firefighting, New York, USA
79 1872 n/a Orange County Firefighters Museum, Montgomery, New York, USA
96 1876 4th size S.W. Johnson S.F.E. Co. No. 1, Garnerville, New York, USA
115 1880 5th size Aiken County Historical Museum, Aiken, South Carolina, USA
138 1883 3rd size Ogunquit Fire Company Museum, Ogunquit, Maine, USA
145 1885 6th size The Hershey Story Museum, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA
147 1884 5th size Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan, USA
148 1884 2nd size Ohio, USA
155 1884 4th size New Bern Firemen's Museum, New Bern, North Carolina, USA
156 1884 5th size Nebraska City Museum of Firefighting, Nebraska, USA
169 (1) 1885 4th size Independent Fire Company, Ranson, West Virginia, USA
170 1885 3rd size Boothbay Railway Village, Boothbay, Maine, USA
185 (2) 1886 4th size Stillwater Fire Dept, Stillwater, New York, USA
197 1887 n/a Surrey Hills, Mackinac Island, Michigan, USA
199 1887 4th size Homer Fire Dept, Homer, Michigan, USA
213 1889 5th size Union Firehouse, Belmar, New Jersey, USA
(1) Rebuild of L. Button & Sons engine of 1872.
(2) Rebuild of L. Button & Sons No.63 of 1871.


 

Canadian Fire Engine Co. (Canada)

The Canadian Fire Engine Company built steam fire engines at London, Ontario in the early 1900s, but no further information has been found so far. The company's engines are almost identical to those built by Ronald, so there may be some connection?
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
105 1906 n/a Fort Erie LaFrance Association Museum, Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada
n/a 1906 n/a Port Colborne Volunteer Fire Co., Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada


 

Černý and Němec (Czech Republic)

Černý and Němec purchased a factory in Slatiňany that had been established in 1899 by Cilka and Trdlica to manufacture of sawmills and woodworking machinery. Sales of these products were poor, so the new owners of the company decided to switch to building hand-operated and steam fire engines. In 1907 the firm was bought out by renowned Czech steam fire engine manufacturer R.A. Smékal (see below), and the product line was diversified to include gymnastics equipment and even a few cars. After the death of Smékal in 1937 ownership passed to one Potůček, who introduced the manufacture of fire hoses and updated much of the machinery in the factory. Nationalisation saw the plant absorbed into the state-owned concern SIGMA Olomouc, but in more recent times it has reverted to private ownership under the name Strojírna Potůček Slatiňany (SPS).
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
83 1907 n/a Fire Brigade, Otrokovice-Kvítkovice, Czech Republic


 

Clapp & Jones (USA)

Mirtillow R. Clapp started out working for the Silsby Manufacturing Co., of Seneca Falls, New York (see below), receiving a patent in 1860 for a new design of boiler. By 1864, however, he was building steam fire engines with Joseph Banks of New York, and two years later he formed a new partnership with Edward D. Jones. Clapp & Jones built their first steamer in 1866 for Charleston, South Carolina - early engines were of the straight-frame design, with both single and double pumps, and only later did they switch to a crane-neck pattern with vertical cylinders/pumps. The company built more than 600 steam fire engines over a period of thirty years as an independent entity, but in 1891 they joined several other firms to form the American Fire Engine Company (see above); each company kept its individual identity, however, and engines of the Clapp & Jones design continued to be built after the merger.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
83 1872 n/a FASNY Museum of Firefighting, New York, USA
91 n/a n/a FASNY Museum of Firefighting, New York, USA
112 1873 4th size Newton Fire Museum, Newton, New Jersey, USA
131 1875 4th size Vintage Fire Museum, New Albany, Indiana, USA
132 n/a n/a Kamyshin, Russia
140 1875 5th size New York State Museum, Albany, New York, USA
313 n/a n/a Comstock Firemen's Museum, Virginia City, Nevada, USA
454 n/a n/a Pocomoke City Volunteer Fire Company, Pokomoke City, Maryland, USA
466 1885 4th size Dover Fire Dept Antique Club, Dover, New Jersey, USA
503 1888 3rd size Fire Museum of Maryland, Lutherville, Maryland, USA
572 n/a n/a Stroudsburg Fire Dept, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, USA
577 n/a n/a Crisfield Fire Dept, Crisfield, Maryland, USA
n/a 1871 n/a Besser Museum of Northeast Michigan, Alpena, Michigan, USA
n/a 1873 n/a Logansport Fire Dept, Logansport, Indiana, USA
n/a (1) 1874 n/a Woodland Fire Museum, Woodland, California, USA
n/a 1878 n/a Fire Museum of Maryland, Lutherville, Maryland, USA
n/a 1887 n/a Fire Station No.1, Columbus, Mississippi, USA
n/a 1889 n/a Fire Dept, Marathon, New York, USA
n/a n/a n/a Lee Fire Dept, Lee, Massachusetts, USA
n/a n/a n/a Antique Toy and Firehouse Museum, Bay City, Michigan, USA
n/a n/a n/a Grand Rapids Public Museum, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
n/a n/a n/a Frenchtown Volunteer Fire Dept, New Jersey, USA
n/a n/a n/a Junction City Fire Dept, Junction City, Oregon, USA
(1) Rebuilt by American Fire Engine Co. as No. 2268 of 1894, 3rd size.


 

Cole Bros. (USA)

The Cole Brothers firm was established at Pawtucket, Rhode Island in 1867. Their first engine was sold to the city of Utica, New York, and saw many years of service. They built both single and double-cylinder engines of the vertical type in three different sizes. Cole Bros. engines were notable for the cylinders being placed in line rather than transversely, and they were probably the only company to use this configuration. Around sixty engines were built before production ended in the 1880s.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1865 n/a Seneca County Museum, Tiffin, Ohio, USA
n/a 1869 n/a American Heritage 'Big Red' Fire Museum, Louisville, Mississippi, USA
n/a 1872 n/a Foxborough Fire Dept, Foxborough, Massachusetts, USA
n/a n/a n/a Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan, USA
n/a n/a n/a Manitowoc Fire Dept, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, USA


 

Czermack (Czech Republic)

Reginald Czermack was born in Prague and moved as a child to Teplice (Teplitz) in the north of Bohemia, at that time was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1868 he began building hand-powered fire engines, and in 1879 established a factory for this purpose which was one of the largest in Austria-Hungary. Czermack subsequently founded the Österreichischer Bundesfeuerwehrverband (Austrian Federal Fire-Brigade Federation), and was also among the initiators of CTIF, the International Technical Committee for the Prevention and Extinction of Fire. Steam fire engines were first produced at the Czermack works around the turn of the century, with the two-cylinder 'Oregon' engine being a popular design; a second branch was also opened in Vienna and sold engines under the name Machinenfabrik 'Union'. After the First World War and the creation of the Czechoslovak state, Czermack retired to his villa in Teplice, disillusioned at the loss of the historic links between Austrian and Czech firefighters; he died there in 1929.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
334 1899 n/a Tűzoltó Múzeum, Budapest, Hungary
1024 1903 n/a Expozice Požární Ochrany HZS ČR, Zbiroh, Czech Republic
1055 1903 n/a Musée du Service d’Incendie et de Secours, Geneva, Switzerland
1096 1911 n/a Tűzoltó Múzeum, Vörs, Hungary
1113 1911 n/a Fire Brigade, Horn, Austria
1119 1912 n/a Fire Brigade, Tachov, Czech Republic
n/a 1907 n/a Heimathaus, Braunau am Inn, Austria
n/a 1909 n/a Stadtmuseum, Pinkafeld, Austria
n/a 1910 n/a Fire Brigade, Payerbach, Austria
n/a 1911 n/a Feuerwehrmuseum Allentsteig, Allentsteig, Austria
n/a n/a n/a HZS Jihočeského Kraje, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Muzeum Historické Hasičské Techniky, Velké Svatoňovice, Czech Republic


 

Durenne et Krebs (France)

Jean-François Durenne had a factory at Courbevoie near Paris, where he built boilers, stationary steam engines and many other products, some of which were exhibited at the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris. In 1888 Durenne collaborated with Arthur Constantin Krebs, a prolific inventor and moderniser of the Paris Fire Brigade, to design and build a steam fire engine for use on the streets of the capital. This was a double-pump design with the cylinders and pumps oriented vertically ahead of the boiler; a smaller model was also introduced a few years later. Durenne et Krebs received a patent for their boiler design in 1892, and one of these boilers was later used as the basis for a self-propelled fire engine initiated by Lt.-Col. Vuilquin of the Paris Fire Brigade and built by the firm of Weyher et Richemond in 1904.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1895 n/a Le Mans, France
n/a 1906 n/a Brigade de Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris, France


 

Fire Appliances Manufacturing Co. (England)

The Fire Appliances Manufacturing Co. was established at Northampton in 1888 as a branch of the Sphincter Grip Hose Company. They built a limited number of high-quality steam fire engines carrying the "Vulcan" name for both the home and export markets. For a few years their engines were serious competitors to those of the established firms of Merryweather & Sons and Shand, Mason & Co., and were even placed ahead of their rivals' products in several steam fire engine contests. However, the competition eventually got the better of them and in 1893 the company was wound up.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Quinta Compañía de Bomberos, Callao, Peru


 

Flader (Germany)

Friedrich August Flader established a brass foundry at Jöhstadt in Saxony in 1860 under the name F.A. Flader & Comp., and early products included hand- and bucket-pumps. Flader's hand-operated pumps became so successful that in 1872 he founded a new company, Feuerspritzenfabrik E.C. Flader, to manufacture these (E.C. were the initials of his second wife, Emilie Clementine). Flader also began to build steam fire engines from 1891, and by 1911 a company catalogue was listing twelve different two- and three-cylinder models, with names such as "Kiel", "Altona", "Rheinpreußen", "Posen", "Eckernförde", "Wilhelma" and "Oregon". In 1905 they constructed a self-propelled three-cylinder steam fire engine for the Kiel Fire Dept, but this was unfortunately not very successful and was withdrawn from use after just two years' service. Flader steam engines were also mounted on automobile chassis produced by Bussing, Daimler-Benz, Opel and others. The company later built petrol-powered fire pumps in both two- and four-wheeled versions, followed by portable pumps mounted on skids. It was these latter units that would form the basis of the company's success in subsequent decades, and the company still produces portable and trailer-mounted fire pumps today with the "Johstadt" trademark under the name PF Pumpen und Feuerlöschtechnik GmbH.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
248 1909 n/a Eesti Tuletõrjemuuseum, Tallinn, Estonia
249 1909 n/a Feuerwache Übigau, Dresden-Übigau, Germany
n/a n/a n/a Segunda Compañía de Bomberos de Osorno, Chile
n/a 1900 n/a Hasičské Muzeum, Nový Oldřichov, Czech Republic
n/a n/a two-wheeled Mutua de Propietarios, Barcelona, Spain


 

Hirai (Japan)

Shintarō Hirai was born in Kyoto in 1884 and was the adopted eldest son of fire appliance manufacturer Gonshichi Hirai. He joined the family business, eventually assuming his father's name, and went on to become manager of Hirai Gōmei Kaisha (Hirai General Partnership Co.) based in Kyoto. In the early 1900s the company built steam fire engines of a single-cylinder vertical design, with the pump mounted behind the boiler, and later diversified into motor fire engines.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Osaka City Fire Academy, Osaka, Japan


 

Ichihara (Japan)

The Ichihara Sokutō Shokikai Seisakusho (Ichihara Factory for Pumps and Various Appliances) was located in the Kakigara-chō area of Tokyo. Early products included a two-wheeled portable hand-powered pump that could be pulled to the scence of a fire by several men. The company's built its first horse-drawn steam fire engine in 1899 - this was almost identical to an English Shand Mason engine, a number of which were imported into Japan from the late 19th century onwards. By the 1930s they were building turbine fire pumps that were often mounted on an American automobile chassis.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Disaster Education Center, Aomori Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Goshogawara Fire Brigade, Aomori Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Yamasa Soy Sauce Factory, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Folk Museum, Ono, Fukui Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a North Fire Station, Sagiyama, Gifu City, Gifu Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Amagasaki City Disaster Prevention Centre, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Oshu City Fire Museum, Oshu, Iwate Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Surisawa, Daito-cho, Ichinoseki, Iwate Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Miyagi Prefectural Fire Academy, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Matsumoto City Museum, Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Osaka Prefectural Fire Academy, Daitō City, Osaka Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Tokyo Fire Museum, Yotsuya, Tokyo, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Inami, Nanto, Toyama Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Toyama Prefectural Fire & Emergency Management Centre, Japan


 

Jauck (Germany)

Georg Andreas Jauck established a bronze foundry at Leipzig in 1796, where he cast bells for many churches in eastern Germany. From the mid 19th century he also began to build fire-fighting equipment for fire Depts in both Germany and Austria. At first only hand-powered fire pumps were built, but from 1876 steam fire engines of a horizontal, single cylinder/pump design were also offered. The firm of G.A. Jauck ceased to exist in 1903.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
167 1894 n/a Centralne Muzeum Pożarnictwa, Mysłowice, Poland


 

Jeffers (USA)

William Jeffers was born in 1809 in the town of Milton, Massachusetts and moved to Pawtucket, Rhode Island as a young man, where he was apprenticed as a cabinet maker. He later moved into repairing mill machinery, and in 1848 he was called upon to repair the hand fire engine of the Rhode Island Engine Company. This experience led him into the business of building hand fire engines, and his reputation for quality workmanship spread rapidly, with orders flooding in from across the country. In 1861 he also began to build steam fire engines: two sizes of single-pump engines were offered, as well as one size of double-pump engine, and all were of the vertical pattern. The first engine went to Pawtucket, Rhode Island and Jeffers continued building fire engines until 1874, with a total of 63 being produced. In December 1875 he sold the steam fire engine business to a concern in Bridgeport, Connecticut, who built a handful of engines of Jeffers' design. William Jeffers continued to build hand fire engines until his death in March 1879.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
193 1880 n/a Middlebury Fire Dept, Middlebury, Vermont, USA
n/a 1864 n/a Paterson Museum, Paterson, New Jersey, USA
n/a 1872 n/a Woonsocket Fire Dept, Woonsocket, Rhode Island, USA


 

Johnson (USA)

James B. Johnson first set up business at the Metropolitan Works, South Boston, Massachusetts in 1859. Soon afterwards he transferred his operations to the McKay & Gallagher factory in East Boston, where he built his first steam fire engine named "Antelope", a horizontal design with single steam cylinder and pump. This engine was demonstrated in several cities and loaned to various fire Depts, but was never actually sold. Johnson's second engine was sold to the city of Salem, Massachusetts and was named after their chief engineer, William Chase. In the autumn of 1859, after building these two engines, Johnson transferred his business again to the Portland Co. Works at Portland, Maine, where he built his next engine known as "Greyhound". Johnson built a total of around thirty steam fire engines before he ceased operations in 1869 - all of these were of a horizontal design, except for one, which was a double-cylinder vertical engine.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1864 2nd size Fire Museum, Manchester, Connecticut, USA
n/a n/a n/a Firehall No.1, Santiago, Chile


 

Kernreuter (Austria)

Franz Kernreuter established a factory at Hernals in north-west Vienna in 1886. Early products included machine tools and hand-operated fire pumps, but within a few years the company was also offering steam fire engines of both a single- and double-cylinder vertical design. These seem to have been phased out shortly before the First World War when the firm began to build petrol-powered pumps, which were offered at least until the late 1920s.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
5 1889 n/a Traktorenmuseum fam. Andrä, Windpassing, Austria
21 1897 n/a Oö. Feuerwehrmuseum St. Florian, Austria
30 1900 n/a Feuerwehrmuseum Perchtoldsdorf, Austria
42 1902 n/a Fire Brigade, Vöcklabruck, Austria
49 1903 n/a Fire Brigade, Neulengbach, Austria
57 1904 n/a Private Collection, Oldřiš, Czech Republic
76 1906 n/a Volunteer Fire Department, Osijek, Croatia
78 1906 n/a Tehniški Muzej Slovenije, Soteska, Slovenia
88 1907 n/a Fire Brigade, Hradec nad Moravicí, Czech Republic
108 1909 n/a Steirisches Feuerwehrmuseum, Gross St Florian, Austria
114 1909 n/a Ebenfurther Feuerwehrmuseum, Ebenfurth, Austria
134 1911 n/a Technisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
137 1911 n/a Fire Brigade, Vienna, Austria
n/a 1889 n/a Tehnicki Muzej, Zagreb, Croatia
n/a 1910 n/a Fire Brigade, Schrems, Austria
n/a 1913 n/a Landesfeuerwehrkommando NÖ, Tulln, Austria
n/a n/a n/a Burgenländisches Feuerwehrmuseum, Eisenstadt, Austria
n/a n/a n/a Fire Museum, Karlovac, Croatia
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Starý Bohumín, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Muzeul Municipal 'Ioan Raica', Sebeș, Romania
n/a n/a n/a Slovenski Gasilski Muzej, Metlika, Slovenia


 

Knaust (Austria)

In 1822 the mechanic Heinrich Ludwig Fricke established a factory at Leopoldstadt near Vienna to build fire pumps and hydraulic machinery, and became the first person to use stainless metal fittings on fire-fighting equipment. When Fricke died, the company passed to his nephew, Wilhelm Knaust, who renamed it accordingly. Knaust built its first steam fire engine in 1867 - this was known as the "Donau" model, and was a two-cylinder vertical design. In 1874, collaboration with the Vienna Fire Dept (Wiener Berufsfeuerwehr) led to the production of an engine with two horizontal cylinders, followed four years later by a combination fire-pump/portable steam engine. In 1883 Knaust returned to the vertical configuration, introducing a three-cylinder design that would formed the basis for their subsequent Knaust engines due to its quiet running, ease of starting from any crank position and the ability to vary the speed from 30 to 200 rpm. In 1899 Wilhelm Knaust handed the company over to his son Gustav, and died two years later. The year 1903 saw the production of a chemical fire engine powered by electricity for the Vienna Fire Dept, the first of 40 such machines that were built for the city. The First World Saw an increased demand for the firm's products, but the subsequent depression took its toll and the company filed for bankruptcy in 1929. There was an attempt to resurrect the company under the auspices of Austro-Fiat, but that failed and Knaust was eventually wound up in 1938. Some of Knaust's plans and designs, as well as personnel, were acquired by the fire-engine builders Rosenbauer (see below).

Note: The serial plates on Knaust engines are marked with two numbers, and at this stage it is unclear which of these is the true serial number, so both are listed below where known.

Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
16 n/a n/a Förderverein Nürnberger Feuerwehr-Museum, Nürnberg, Germany
35 n/a n/a Oö. Feuerwehrmuseum St. Florian, Austria
48 n/a n/a Hauptfeuerwache Floridsdorf, Vienna, Austria
56 n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Donawitz, Austria
57 n/a n/a Hasičské Muzeum, Čechy pod Kosířem, Czech Republic
70 n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Radiměř, Czech Republic
80 n/a n/a Private Collection, Oldřiš, Czech Republic
93 n/a n/a Feuerwehrmuseum, Klosterneuburg, Austria
117 n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Veľké Uherce, Slovakia
123 n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Gainfarn, Austria
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Aspang Markt, Austria
n/a n/a n/a Hauptfeuerwache Floridsdorf, Vienna, Austria
n/a n/a n/a Muzeum Hasičské Techniky, Chrastava, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Zámek Kinských, Valašské Meziříčí, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Vimperk, Czech Republic


 

Kono (Japan)

The Kono Sokutō Seisakusho (Kono Pump Co.) was located in the Nakanoshima area of Osaka, and built steam fire engines with a mid-mounted vertical pump.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Hyogo Prefectural Emergency Management and Training Centre, Miki, Japan


 

Krauss (Germany)

Georg von Krauss was born in Augsburg, Bavaria in 1826. After attending the Royal Polytechnic School, he went to work briefly for the Maffei Locomotive Works in Munich, and then for the Royal Bavarian State Railways. He subsequently found employment as a master machinist with the Northeast Railway in Zurich, where he was involved with building his first four locomotives. In 1866 he established his own locomotive factory in Munich-Neuhausen, known as Krauss Locomotive Works (Locomotivfabrik Krauss & Comp.), followed by branches in the south of Munich in 1872 and Linz (Austria) in 1880. Although his main focus was building locomotives, Krauss also became involved in the expansion of railway lines in Germany and the conversion of the horse-drawn tramways to steam power in Munich and Vienna, as well as being one of the founders of the Institute of German Engineers (Verein Deutscher Ingenieure). From the 1880s he also manufactured a small number of steam fire engines. Krauss received numerous honors from the German state for his contributions to engineering. He died in 1906, just a year after supervising the relocation of his factory to Allach outside Munich. His name survives to this day in the title of the company Krauss-Maffei, which was formed in 1931 by a merger between Krauss's firm and his greatest rival Maffei, also based in Munich.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
791 1879 n/a Stadtmuseum, Burghausen, Germany


 

LaFrance (USA)

Truckson LaFrance was descended from French Huguenot immigrants, who had settled in Pennsylvania. In the 1860s he found employment at the Elmira Union Iron Works in Elmira, New York, and obtained several patents for improvements in rotary steam engine design. This attracted the attention of the head of the company, John Vischer, who entered into a partnership with LaFrance to build steam fire engines. They soon gained the support of a group of local businessmen, who purchased the company in April 1873 and renamed it the "LaFrance Manufacturing Company". In 1878 they entered a steam fire engine in the Paris Exposition, but sadly this was a disaster - French boiler legislation meant the engine could not even be demonstrated, and this fiasco nearly bankrupted the company. Salvation came in the form of Thomas Hotchkiss, a wealthy local businessman, who financed the building of another fire engine named after his wife, Jeannie Jewell. This engine was entered into a contest at Chicago in September 1878, where it proved its superiority over the opposition. In 1880 the company was renamed the "LaFrance Steam Engine Company", and several years later they began to manufacture an ingenious design of ladder truck conceived by inventor Daniel Hayes. LaFrance was approached to join the fledgeling American Fire Engine Co. (see above) in 1891, but declined the offer; however, they later reconsidered and join forces with American and a number of other manufacturers of fire equipment to form the International Fire Engine Co., which was incorporated on 14th December 1899. When this venture collapsed a few years later due to financial difficulties, the American Fire Engine Co. and LaFrance teamed up in January 1904 to form the American-LaFrance Fire Engine Co., which moved its headquarters to Elmira, New York in 1906.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
4 1881 4th size Hawkinsville Fire Dept, Hawkinsville, Georgia, USA
111 1886 6th size USA
112 1886 3rd size Fire Station No.7, Salem, Oregon, USA
117 1886 6th size Greensboro Historical Museum, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
141 1888 6th size New Ulm Fire Department, New Ulm, Minnesota, USA
156 1888 1st size Taber Museum, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, USA
189 1890 3rd size Stockton Fire Dept, Stockton, California, USA
246 1893 3rd size B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
270 1893 4th size San Francisco Fire Dept Pioneer Museum, San Francisco, California, USA
289 1894 1st size FASNY Museum of Firefighting, New York, USA
307 1894 3rd size Jamestown Fire Dept Memorial Museum, Jamestown, Rhode Island, USA
309 1894 3rd size Port Jervis Fire Museum, Port Jervis, New York, USA
343 1895 3rd size Hope Firehouse, Burlington, New Jersey, USA
349 1896 3rd size Ithaca Fire Dept, Ithaca, New York, USA
386 1897 4th size San Francisco Fire Dept Pioneer Museum, San Francisco, California, USA
399 1898 4th size West Farmington, Ohio, USA
431 1899 4th size Firefighters Historical Museum, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
451 1904 3rd size Clearfield County Historical Society, Clearfield, Pennsylvania, USA
476 1902 2nd size Jacksonville Fire Museum, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
492 1903 3rd size Chambersburg Fire Museum, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, USA
496 1904 3rd size Town Hall Museum, Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio, USA
503 1904 1st size Detroit Historical Museum, Detroit, Michigan, USA
510 (1) 1905 1st size Fire Museum of Maryland, Lutherville, Maryland, USA (from Baltimore FD)
531 1907 1st size Buffalo Fire Museum, Buffalo, New York, USA
n/a 1892 n/a FDNY Fleet Services Division, New York, USA
n/a 1901 n/a New York City Fire Museum, New York, USA
n/a n/a n/a Museo del Bombero, Guayaquil, Ecuador
n/a n/a n/a California, USA
n/a n/a n/a Nevada City - Outdoor History Museum, Montana, USA
n/a n/a n/a Fire and Rescue Historical Society, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
(1) Fitted with 1916 Christie tractor.


 

Lange & Gehrkens (Germany)

In 1854 Lange & Gehrkens opened a machine factory and boiler works in Ottensen, now a quarter of the city of Hamburg. In addition to equipment for mills and woodworking machinery they also built boilers and steam engines. At the instigation of the local fire brigade they began work on a steam fire engine in 1868, which was completed a year later and sold to the town of Altona for 6000 Marks. Named "Alte Liese", it weighed 3650 kg, could pump 1500 litres of water per minute, and remained in operation until 1911. This was the only steam fire engine ever built by the company and it still exists today.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
1 1869 n/a Feuerwehrmuseum Schleswig-Holstein, Norderstedt, Germany


 

List (Russia)

Gustav Ivanovich List was born in Berlin in 1835 and studied factory production techniques in the United States. In 1856 he moved to Russia to work as a mechanic at a sugar factory in Voronezh region, in the south-west of the country. It was there that he built his first fire pump, which was used to fight fires in the sugar factory and the surrounding area by what is regarded as the first volunteer fire brigade in Russia. In 1863 List relocated to Moscow, where he opened a small factory to manufacture hand-operated fire pumps. These were awarded a gold medal by the Russian Technical Society the same year, and the company would go on to win many more honours at exhibitions across Europe. Unfortunately the works was subsequently destroyed by fire, so List opened a new factory on the Sofia Embankment opposite the Kremlin, which allowed him to produce 2000 fire pumps per year. This was later followed by a branch in Baku, plus a second factory in Moscow near the Butyrsk Gate. However, it was not until 1896 that List built his first steam fire engines, which were also the first ever produced in Russia and drew heavily on Western European designs. By the time of List's death in 1913, the company had reputedly built 3500 fire engines and was employing around 1300 people. The firm also built a number of automobile fire engines from 1907 onwards, but fire Depts in Russia were generally slow to accept these. After the Russian Revolution in 1917, List's factories were nationalised by the Bolsheviks but continued to produce fire-fighting equipment until at least the 1930s.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1912 n/a Pozharno-Tekhnicheskaya Vystavka, Chelyabinsk, Russia


 

Ljusne (Sweden)

The history of the Ljusne works can be traced back to 1671, when the Royal Board of Mines granted permission for a blast furnace and several forges to be built in the town, which lies around 140 miles north of Stockholm. A sawmill was also constructed in the 1850s to take advantage of the abundant timber resources in the region. In 1876 an offshoot company was formed, known as Ljusne Mekaniska Verkstad (Ljusne Mechanical Workshop), to build steam boilers, stationary and portable steam engines, steam pumps and sawmill equipment. On 28th September 1877, they also unveiled a prototype steam fire engine, which was a copy of an American engine built by Nichols & Co. of Vermont that had been imported into the country for trials earlier that year. Their first production engine, a No.5 size, was delivered to Motala on July 14th 1878 after being exhibited at an agricultural show in Jönköping, where it won an award - it was demonstrated over the next few days by Ljusne's representative, the engineer C.A. Hellstrand. The next two engines sold were No.3 size units that went to Hudiksvall and Söderhamn in August and October 1878, respectively. In 1881 the Ljusne concern merged with the Woxna ironworks, some 50 miles to the west - this had been established in 1726 and had been manged with great success by the German businessman Wilhelm Kempe since 1848. The resulting company became known as Ljusne-Woxna AG and a private railway was built to connect the two factories, but sadly Kempe passed away in 1883. The drawings and patterns for the Ljusne steam fire engines were acquired by C.A. Hellstrand, and production was subsequently initiated at the Ludwigsberg factory in Stockholm (see below). However, evidence suggests that Ljusne Mekaniska Verkstad restarted production of engines themselves based on a new three-cylinder pump design patented in 1888.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1878 No.5 Väsby Kungsgård, Sala, Sweden
n/a 1881 No.4A Sandvikens Brandmuseum, Sandviken, Sweden
n/a 1882 No.3 Fire Station, Östersund, Sweden
n/a 1890 No.3 Brandbilsmuseet, Gysinge, Sweden
n/a n/a No.4 Mönsterås Hembygdsmuseum, Mönsterås, Sweden
n/a n/a n/a Brandmuseum, Munkfors, Sweden


 

Ludwigsberg (Sweden)

Jacques Lamm established a foundry and mechanical workshop at Skinnarviken, just outside Stockholm in 1843, naming it "Ludwigsberg" in honour of his father, Solomon Ludwig Lamm. The business grew rapidly over the next few decades to become one of the largest in Sweden, and in 1881, after the death of Jacques Lamm, control of Ludwigsbergs Verkstads AB (Ludwigsberg Workshop Ltd) passed to his son, Carl Robert Lamm. In 1883 Ludwigsberg began building steam fire engines to Ljusne's design, after the latter's representative, C.A. Hellstrand, acquired the drawings and patents for these (the engines carried both the Ljusne and Ludwigsberg names initially). Ludwigsberg engines were offered in a range of sizes, and in addtion to the standard four-wheeled engine, there was also a two-wheeled version for use with a single horse. As well as being extremely popular on the home market, Ludwigsberg steam fire engines were sold as far afield as Spain and India. When the company was bought out by Luth & Rosén AB in 1904, this popularity was reflected in the decision to maintain the Ludwigsberg name. At the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco in 1915, there was a Ludwigsberg stand displaying such products as pumps, steam and motor fire engines, high-pressure air-compressors, ice and refrigerating machines, steam turbines, etc. However, in 1916 the Ludwigsberg name was eventually dropped altogether, and with it seems to have ended the production of steam fire engines.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
122 1892 No.4A Gamla Linköping, Sweden
307 1895 No.4A Brandkårsmuseum, Borås, Sweden
433 1900 n/a Danmarks Tekniske Museum, Helsingør, Denmark
453 1900 n/a Savonlinnan VPK, Savonlinna, Finland
481 1905 No.5 Fire Brigade, Örebro, Sweden
482 1901 No.5 Fire Brigade, Karlskoga, Sweden
484 1901 No.8 Fire Brigade, Nybro, Sweden
488 1901 No.7 Teknikens och Sjöfartens Hus, Malmö, Sweden
499 1894 No.9 Fire Station, Sollefteå, Sweden
534 1902 No.7 Fire Brigade, Mora, Sweden
535 1895 No.3 Fire Brigade, Kalmar, Sweden
542 1902 No.7 Fire Brigade, Åmål, Sweden
552 1904 No.5 Rubens Maskinhistoriska Samlingar, Götene, Sweden
555 1902 n/a Kuusankosken Palomuseo, Kouvola, Finland
580 1903 No.7 Rubens Maskinhistoriska Samlingar, Götene, Sweden
588 1904 No.6 Kai Piirainen, Kotka, Finland
589 1904 No.7 Motala, Sweden
598 1905 No.7 Tranås Vagnsmuseum, Tranås, Sweden
605 1905 No.7 Fire Brigade, Sollentuna, Sweden
646 1908 n/a Jokioinen, Finland
682 1910 n/a Hembygdsgården Färingsö, Färentuna, Sweden
722 1912 No.3 Fire Brigade, Uddevalla, Sweden
735 1915 No.8 Fire Brigade, Halmstad, Sweden
907 1907 n/a Vadsbo Museum, Mariestad, Sweden
n/a 1886 No.1 Marinmuseum, Karlskrona, Sweden
n/a 1888 n/a Fire Brigade, Copenhagen, Denmark
n/a 1888 n/a Sundsvall, Sweden
n/a 1889 n/a Plataforma Bombers Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
n/a 1890 No.4A Pori, Finland
n/a 1892 No.3 Brandmuseet, Råå-Helsingborg, Sweden
n/a 1894 n/a Trondheim, Norway
n/a 1894 No.3 Landskrona, Sweden?
n/a 1896 No.3 Faktorimuseet, Eskilstuna, Sweden
n/a 1900 n/a Kristianstad, Sweden
n/a 1903 No.7 Fire Brigade, Uddevalla, Sweden
n/a 1896 No.7 Malmö, Sweden
n/a 1902 n/a Fire Brigade, Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark
n/a 1902 n/a Turun Keskuspaloaseman Museotila Kellari, Turku, Finland
n/a 1908 n/a Trelleborgs Museum, Trelleborg, Sweden
n/a n/a n/a Kuusankosken Palomuseo, Kouvola, Finland
n/a n/a n/a Porin VPK, Pori, Finland
n/a n/a n/a Kaukas Factory Museum, Lappeenranta, Finland
n/a n/a n/a Brandkårsmuseet, Simonstorp, Sweden
n/a n/a n/a Forsbacka, Sweden?
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Finspång, Sweden
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Lund, Sweden


 

Magirus (Germany)

Conrad Dietrich Magirus was born in Ulm in 1824, the son of a grocer and factory owner. As a young man he spent seven years in Italy gaining valuable business experience, before returning to Ulm and taking charge of the local fire Dept. He soon realised the shortcomings of the equipment available at that time, so in 1864 he established his own factory to manufacture all kinds of fire-fighting equipment, but especially portable ladders. By the turn of the century, Magirus was experimenting with the use of steam power, and in 1902 they produced a prototype steam fire engine, which was named "Josefine" after chief engineer Josef Steinhauser. In July 1903 the company completed its first self-propelled steam fire engine for the Berufsfeuerwehr Köln (Köln Fire Service), and this was followed by a similar machine for Munich in 1904. The boilers were fired by petrol, which allowed rapid heating and almost smokeless operation; the two-cylinder engine produced around 60 hp and this was coupled to a dual-piston pump that moved around 2000 litres of water per minute. The drive to the rear wheels was via chains and the whole outfit weighed 4750 kg. Magirus built a total of 17 steam fire engines, of which eight were self-propelled and the rest were horse-drawn; the last engine, a large horse-drawn outfit, was supplied to the town of Wismar in 1914. The company still operates today under the name Magirus Brandschutztechnik, and is one of the leading European manufacturers of fire trucks and turntable ladders.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1908 n/a Feuerwehr Kirchheim, Germany

 

Matsuo (Japan)

The Matsuo Kōjō (Matsuo Works) was located in the Azabu area of Tokyo and built steam fire engines with a mid-mounted vertical pump, as well as two-wheeled manual engines.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Shiroishi Fire Department, Shiroishi City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan


 

Merryweather & Sons (England)

The Merryweather story begins with the firm of Hadley, Simpkin and Lott of Long Acre, London, who had by the late 1700s established a successful business building fire-fighting apparatus. In 1807 they took on an apprentice, Moses Merryweather, who went on to marry Henry Lott's niece in 1836. By this time Lott had become the sole partner, and when he retired, Moses took over the company and renamed it Merryweather & Sons. The company built its first steam fire engine in 1861 - named "Deluge", it was followed a year later by "Torrent", and both engines went to Frederick Hodges' private fire brigade in Lambeth. In 1863 Merryweather entered the engine "Sutherland" with twin horizontal cylinders in an international competition at Crystal Palace, and took first prize; the engine was subsequently purchased by the Admiralty for use at Devonport Dockyard, where it served until 1905. When Moses Merryweather passed away at the age of 79, the company was taken over by his son Richard, and on his death in 1877, it passed to his younger brother, James Compton Merryweather. It was under his dynamic leadership that it would become a world-leader in steam fire engine production: by the turn of the century, Merryweather were Fire Engine Makers by Appointment to the Royal Family, and their steam fire engines were in use in every corner of the globe. In 1885 they introduced the "Greenwich" model with twin horizontal cylinders; this was followed a decade later by the even more popular "Greenwich Gem" that was built in several sizes that could deliver from 200 to 500 gallons per minute. In 1899 Merryweather & Sons introduced their first self-propelled steam fire engine, christened the "Fire King", and within three years it had all but replaced the horse-drawn engine on the home market at least. However, by this time steam power was already starting to be threatened by the internal combustion engine, and as early as 1903 Merryweather built a petrol-powered self-propelled chemical engine. The company increasingly shifted its focus towards motor-powered fire engines to meet the challenge of firms such as Dennis and Leyland, and Merryweather & Sons would prove themselves just as successful in this new arena as they had in the previous one. The company maintained and developed its reputation for the highest quality fire engines, and are still producing fire-fighting equipment under the Merryweather & Sons name to this day.

NOTE: Merryweather engines are generally stamped with a number on the pump and the boiler. These numbers would have initially been the same, but if the engine had a replacement boiler during its life then this number will be higher than the pump number - this is shown below by a number in squared brackets after the original pump/boiler number where known. Because of the lack of data for many surviving Merryweather engines, they are listed below by geographical location rather than number.

Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1905 Curricle Valiant Bomberos Voluntarios de Ensenada, Argentina
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Bodegas Lopez, Mendoza, Argentina
n/a n/a Valiant hand-drawn Museo Historico del Norte - Cabildo, Salta, Argentina
n/a c.1907 Greenwich Gem Bomberos Voluntarios de San Fernando, Argentina
1378 1895 County Council Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia
n/a (1) n/a Valiant Museum of Fire, Penrith, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2351 (2) 1905 Greenwich Gem Johnny Nuttin, Marke, Belgium
8530 n/a Valiant Ostend, Belgium
9397 n/a Valiant Ostend, Belgium
n/a n/a Valiant Bakkersmolen, Essen-Wildert, Belgium
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Corpo de Bombeiros Militar de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
n/a (3) n/a (Greenwich Gem) Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
n/a 1865 County Council Museu Histórico do Corpo de Bombeiros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
n/a 1896 Squire's Museu Histórico do Corpo de Bombeiros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
n/a (4) n/a (Double Vertical) Museu Histórico do Corpo de Bombeiros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Museu do Trem, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
n/a n/a Metropolitan Museu Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil
n/a n/a Greenwich Museu Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil
n/a n/a Valiant Museu da Companhia Paulista, Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil
n/a (5) 1898 Greenwich Gem Calgary, Alberta, Canada
n/a c.1872 Horizontal single-cyl. Whitby, Ontario, Canada
936 1886 Greenwich Musée des Pompiers de Montréal, Québec, Canada
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Tercera Compañia de Bomberos de Antofagasta, Chile
n/a n/a Victoria Museo FCAB (Ferrocarril de Antofagasta a Bolivia), Antofagasta, Chile
n/a c.1911 Greenwich Gem Museo Bomberil, Ancud, Chiloe, Chile
n/a c.1912 Greenwich Gem Primera Compañia de Bomberos de Angol, Chile
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Cuerpo de Bomberos de Castro, Chile
n/a 1885 Victoria Chañaral, Chile
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Primera Compañía de Bomberos de Coronel, Chile
n/a c.1885 Horizontal single-cyl. Primera Compañía del Cuerpo de Bomberos de Curacautín, Chile
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Cuartel Central del Cuerpo de Bomberos de Curicó, Chile
n/a 1903? Valiant four-wheeled Duodécima Compañía de Bomberos de Iquique, Chile
1532 n/a Greenwich Gem Cuartel Central del Cuerpo de Bomberos de La Serena, Chile
n/a n/a Greenwich vertical Primera Compañía de Bomberos de Los Ángeles, Chile
n/a c.1902 Greenwich Gem Cuerpo de Bomberos, Lota, Chile
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Primera Compañía del Cuerpo de Bomberos de Melipilla, Chile
n/a (6) n/a Greenwich Gem Segunda Compañía de Bomberos, Rancagua, Chile
n/a 1869 Horizontal double-cyl. Segunda Compañía de Bomberos, Santiago, Chile
n/a 1873 Horizontal single-cyl. Quinta Compañía de Bomberos, Santiago, Chile
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Santiago, Chile
n/a c.1907 Metropolitan Tercera Compañía de Bomberos de Temuco, Chile
1535 n/a Victoria Museo de los Bomberos, Havana, Cuba
1332 n/a Victoria Parque de los Bomberos, Matanzas, Cuba
1227 n/a Victoria Museo Municipal de Historia, San Antonio de los Baños, Cuba
n/a n/a Horizontal single-cyl. Museo del Bombero, Guayaquil, Ecuador
n/a 1891 Greenwich Museo del Bombero, Guayaquil, Ecuador
n/a n/a Valiant four-wheeled Museo de Valdivia, Portoviejo, Ecuador
3257 1913 Greenwich Gem Milton Keynes Museum, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England
8591/B818 1944 Valiant Fawley Hill Railway, Buckinghamshire, England
1150 [2541] 1891 Greenwich Cornwall, England
4322 n/a Valiant Wheal Martyn, Carthew, St Austell, Cornwall, England
2142 1903 Valiant Mount Edgcumbe, Torpoint, Cornwall, England
896 1885 Metropolitan World of Country Life, Exmouth, Devon, England
1965 1902 Greenwich Gem Highlands End Holiday Park, Bridport, Dorset, England
n/a n/a Valiant Co. Durham, England
8558/B785 n/a Valiant British Engineerium, Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, England
2354 1905 Valiant Essex, England
1292 1890 County Council Alresford Fire Station, Alresford, Hampshire, England
2890 (7) n/a (Valiant) National Motor Museum, Beaulieu, Hampshire, England
2743 1908 Greenwich Gem Hollycombe House, Hampshire, England
n/a n/a Valiant Eastnor Castle, Ledbury, Herefordshire, England
1908 1902 Valiant Maidstone Museum & Bentlif Art Gallery, Kent, England
4715 n/a Valiant Kent, England
7034 1940 Valiant North Ings Farm Museum, Dorrington, Lincolnshire, England
n/a n/a Stationary Pump Crossness Pumping Station, London, England
[3254] 1887 Metropolitan Discovery Museum, Newcastle Upon Tyne, England
n/a 1914 Valiant Bressingham Steam Museum, Diss, Norfolk, England
3343 1913 Valiant Time and Tide Museum, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England
n/a 1885 County Council FSNMT, Weedon, Northamptonshire, England
1258 1880 Horizontal single-cyl. National Railway Museum, York, North Yorkshire, England
1952 1901 Valiant National Railway Museum, York, North Yorkshire, England
8600/B827 1944 Valiant North Yorkshire, England
1960 1902 Valiant Papplewick Pumping Station, Nottingham, England
n/a 1887 Metropolitan Oxfordshire, England
n/a n/a Valiant Blists Hill Victorian Town, Telford, Shropshire, England
2320 n/a Valiant four-wheeled Bridgnorth Fire Station, Bridgnorth, Shropshire, England
8401 n/a Valiant Doncaster Museum & Art Gallery, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England
7473 1941 Valiant Fire & Police Museum, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England
1305 1894 Greenwich Staffordshire, England
4716 n/a Valiant Chasewater Railway, Staffordshire, England
1868 [4296] 1901 Greenwich Gem Long Shop Museum, Leiston, Suffolk, England
2092 1904 Greenwich Gem Surrey, England
1521 n/a Valiant Surrey, England
1742 n/a Valiant Surrey, England
3543 n/a Valiant Surrey, England
7456 1941 Valiant Surrey, England
7610 1941 Valiant Surrey, England
1541 1890 Double Vertical Shipton-on-Stour Fire Service, Shipton-on-Stour, Warwickshire, England
7227 1940 Valiant Wiltshire, England
n/a 1863 Admiralty Science Museum at Wroughton, Wiltshire, England
n/a 1902 n/a Science Museum at Wroughton, Wiltshire, England
2577 n/a Valiant Worcestershire, England
n/a n/a District Council England
n/a n/a Valiant Musée Maurice Dufresne, Azay-le-Rideau, France
n/a n/a Squire's Musée du Cheval et de l'Attelage, Liverdy-en-Brie, France
1203 n/a Horizontal single-cyl. Musée du Sapeur-Pompier, Mulhouse, France
1314 n/a Greenwich Musée du Sapeur-Pompier, Mulhouse, France
3787 n/a Valiant France
n/a n/a Horizontal single-cyl. Berufsfeuerwehr Regensburg, Germany
n/a n/a Greenwich North Rhine-Westfalia, Germany
3272 (8) 1913 Greenwich Gem LWL-Industriemuseum Zeche Zollern, Dortmund-Bövinghausen, Germany
954 1887 Metropolitan Feuerwehrmuseum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
1582 n/a Greenwich Gem Feuerwehrmuseum Schloss Salem, Salem, Germany
1821 (9) 1898 Valiant four-wheeled Feuerwehrmuseum Schloss Salem, Salem, Germany
n/a n/a Victoria Mysore Rail Museum, Mysore, Karnataka, India
n/a 1899 Greenwich National Transport Museum of Ireland, Howth, Fingal, Ireland
[5062] 1880 Greenwich Gem Jameson Distillery, Midleton, Co. Cork, Ireland
3872 n/a Valiant Jurby Transport Museum, Jurby, Isle of Man
2677 1909 Greenwich Gem Fire Brigade, Alessandria, Italy
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Museo Vigili del Fuoco, Carate Brianza, Italy
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Galleria Storica dei Vigili del Fuoco, Mantova, Italy
3024 n/a Valiant Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnologia, Milan, Italy
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Museo Storico dei Vigili del Fuoco, Milan, Italy?
n/a n/a Portable High Speed Museo Storico dei Vigili del Fuoco, Milan, Italy
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Rome, Italy
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Vercelli, Italy
n/a (10) n/a Greenwich Gem Japan Firefighters Association (Nissho), Toranomon, Tokyo, Japan
n/a n/a Metropolitan Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
n/a (11) n/a Horizontal double-cyl. Nationaal Brandweer Museum, Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
n/a 1901 Greenwich Gem Hall of Flame, Ferrymead, New Zealand
n/a n/a Greenwich Gem Southward Car Museum, Otaihanga, New Zealand
n/a n/a Metropolitan Ballymena, Northern Ireland
446 n/a Horizontal single-cyl. Ulster Folk & Transport Museum, Holywood, Co. Down, Northern Ireland
1925 1908? n/a Carrickfergus Museum, Carrickfergus, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland
n/a n/a Victoria Cuartel General del Cuerpo Nacional de Bomberos, Lima, Peru
n/a (12) n/a Greenwich Compañía de Bomberos Garibaldi No.7, Callao, Peru
n/a c.1898 Victoria Compañía de Bomberos Salvadora Callao No.9, Callao, Peru
n/a c.1894 Greenwich Gem Compañía de Bomberos Salvadora Lima No.10, Lima, Peru
n/a 1895 Valiant Mansion Compañía de Bomberos Olaya No.13, Chorrillos, Lima, Peru
n/a c.1907 Valiant four-wheeled Compañía de Bomberos Grau No.16, Barranco, Lima, Peru
n/a n/a Horizontal Fire Brigade, Lisbon, Portugal
n/a n/a Horizontal single-cyl. Museu de Marinha, Lisbon, Portugal
n/a n/a Horizontal double-cyl. Museu de Marinha, Lisbon, Portugal
n/a n/a Metropolitan Museu de Marinha, Lisbon, Portugal
n/a n/a Curricle Valiant Bombeiros Municipais do Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
4424 1918 Valiant Kamyshin, Russia
2691 1908 Greenwich Gem Alloa, Scotland
1898 1901 Greenwich Gem Museum of Fire, Edinburgh, Scotland
1818 1901 Double Vertical Museum of Transport, Glasgow, Scotland
5216 n/a Valiant Glenkinchie Distillery, Pencaitland, East Lothian, Scotland
n/a n/a Valiant Fire Brigade, Biggar, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
n/a 1901 Greenwich Gem Strathclyde Fire & Rescue Museum, Strathclyde, Scotland
n/a (13) n/a (Greenwich Gem) James Hall Museum of Transport, Johannesburg, South Africa
n/a n/a Metropolitan The Big Hole, Kimberley, South Africa
n/a n/a Metropolitan Plataforma Bombers Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
n/a 1896 Curricle Valiant Plataforma Bombers Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
n/a 1896 Greenwich Gem Museo Naval de Ferrol, A Coruña, Spain
n/a (14) n/a (Valiant) Collecció d'Automòbils de Salvador Claret, Girona, Spain
n/a n/a Curricle Valiant Parque de Bomberos, Castellón de la Plana, Spain
n/a n/a Curricle Valiant Museo del Fuego y de los Bomberos, Zaragoza, Spain
1351 (15) 1895 Double Vertical Feuerwehr- und Handwerker-Museum, Endingen, Switzerland
n/a (16) 1893 Greenwich Museo de la Revolución Industrial, Fray Bentos, Uruguay
n/a n/a Valiant San Jose Fire Museum, San Jose, California, USA
[2990] (17) 1868 Horizontal single-cyl. New Hampshire, USA
1728 (18) 1900 Greenwich Gem Maryland, USA
n/a (19) 1885 Greenwich Gem Central Insurance Co., Van Wert, Ohio, USA
n/a (20) 1901 Greenwich Gem Fire Museum, York, Pennsylvania, USA
3049 1907 Greenwich Gem Spooner's Cafe & Bar, Porthmadog, Gwynedd, Wales
n/a n/a Valiant Ceredigion, Wales
1788 1898 Greenwich Gem Penrhyn Castle, Llandygai, Gwynedd, Wales
2366 n/a Greenwich Gem Welsh Transport Heritage Centre, Gorseinon, Swansea, Wales
(1) Mounted on four-wheeled chassis.
(2) Ex-Aelbeke Fire Brigade, but new to John Sumner & Co., Manchester, England.
(3) Boiler and engine/pump mounted on truck in 1929.
(4) Boiler and engine/pump mounted on Latil truck in 1925.
(5) Ex-Culter Paper Mills, Aberdeen, Scotland.
(6) Boiler and engine/pump only.
(7) Fitted to petrol-engined estate fire engine based on 1907 Gobron Brillié touring car.
(8) Ex-Buckfastleigh Fire Station, Devon, England.
(9) Ex-Lord Leconfield, England.
(10) Gift from Peru in 1993.
(11) Rebuilt with Bikkers boiler.
(12) Boiler and engine/pump mounted on truck in 1930.
(13) Boiler and engine/pump only; mounted on truck for display purposes.
(14) Used as power source for self-propelled carriage.
(15) Ex-Wakefield Lodge, Northamptonshire, England.
(16) Wheels removed and used as stationary pump; ex-Liverpool Fire Brigade, England.
(17) Ex-Earl of Jersey's Middleton Park estate, West Yorkshire, England.
(18) Ex-Aberdeen Fire Brigade, Scotland.
(19) Ex-Sherborne, Dorset, England (formerly in Henry Ford Museum).
(20) Ex-Lostwithiel, Cornwall, England.


 

Mieusset (France)

Claude Mieusset established a factory in Lyon in 1860 to build fire-fighting equipment, including hand-operated fire pumps. He later expanded his range to include steam fire engines, two of which were sold to the city of Lyon in 1896 and 1905, while others were shipped overseas. These appear to have been influenced by Shand Mason's designs and featured a two- or three-cylinder pump mounted vertically behind the boiler. Mieusset is also credited with building the world's first three-cylinder internal combustion engine in 1885. Around the turn of the century Claude's son joined the business and they began to build automobiles and petrol-powered fire engines. Claude Mieusset passed away in 1927 and two years later the firm was bought out by Maheu-Labrosse.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
1605 1917 n/a Moulin de Chalier, Arpaillargues et Aureillac, Gard, France
n/a 1893? n/a Undicesima Compagnia di Pompieri di Santiago, Chile
n/a c.1912 n/a Segunda Compañía de Bomberos, San Fernando, Chile


 

Nichols & Co. (USA)

Roscoe J. Gould of Newark, New Jersey began building steam fire engines in 1865. His "Variable Pump Fire Engines" had two pumps on the same piston rod with a valve to shut one off, so that all the power of the cylinder could be exerted on one pump when using a long hose or when a larger amount of water needed to be discharged. This design was developed by John N. Dennisson, also of Newark. In 1875 the Gould company was purchased by B.S. Nichols & Co. of Burlington, Vermont. Nichols displayed a "Gould" engine at Philadelphia's Centennial Exhibition in 1876, where it was commended as simple, compact and strong, and awarded the highest medal and two diplomas; the price was quoted as £1000. The following year a Nichols & Co. steam fire engine took part in trials in Sweden against British-built Merryweather and Shand Mason engines, and was used as the basis for the first fire engines manufactured by the Swedish Ljusne company. In 1886 the Nichols company was taken over by W.S. Lang, Goodhue & Co., who continued to build "Gould" fire engines for several more years.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
31 1876 5th size Louisiana Fire Museum, Gretna, Louisiana, USA
34 1876 n/a Tekniska Museet, Stockholm, Sweden


 

Nose (Japan)

The Nose Sokutō Seisakusho (Nose Pump Works) was located in Kanazawa, the capital city of Ishikawa Prefecture. It produced steam fire engines of a mid-mounted twin-cylinder vertical design.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a East Fire Station, Nan'etsu Fire Dept, Echizen City, Fukui Prefecture, Japan


 

Nott (USA)

William S. Nott was an Irish immigrant to the United States, whose first employment was with the firm of E. Preston & Co., a manufacturer of industrial belts and fire equipment in Minneapolis, Minnesota. In 1879 he became a partner in the firm, which was renamed Preston & Nott, but by 1887 he had enough money behind him to strike out on his own as the W.S. Nott Company. Around the turn of the century Nott decided to commence building steam fire engines, which soon brought him into direct conflict with the newly-incorporated International Fire Engine Company, which was attempting to eliminate all competition in the manufacture of fire apparatus. The first Nott steamer was completed in January 1902, and he soon found himself unable to cope with demand; a new factory was constructed in northeast Minneapolis to increase production, which allowed Nott to offer six different sizes of engine. When the International Fire Engine Co. collapsed in 1904, Nott found himself able to compete with rival manufacturers on more equal terms, meeting the challenge of American-LaFrance with his "Universal" steam fire engine design. The year 1914 spelt the end of domestic orders for steam fire engines as motor-powered engines began to dominate, but Nott was unwilling to make the necessary investment to compete in this new market and wound up his Nott Fire Engine Co. subsiduary in 1915. However, Nott continued to be involved with the manufacture and sales of fire equipment until the 1940s.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
432 1904 n/a Charlottesville Volunteer Fire Co., Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
547 1904 2nd size Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
551 1904 2nd size Los Angeles County Natural History Museum, California, USA
558 1904 1st size Tualatin Valley Fire & Rescue, Tigard, Oregon, USA
633 1905 1st size Wyckoff Fire Dept, Wyckoff, New Jersey, USA
646 (1) 1905 3rd size Freeport Exempt Firemen’s Association, Freeport, New York, USA
651 1905 1st size La Crosse County Historical Society, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
685 1905 2nd size Florida, USA
691 n/a n/a City of Jackson Fire Museum, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
736 (2) n/a n/a Firehouse 3 Museum, Racine, Wisconsin, USA
737 n/a 3rd size Tucson Fire Dept, Tucson, Arizona, USA
740 (3) n/a 3rd size East Hampton Fire Dept, East Hampton, New York, USA
786 n/a n/a Coos Bay Fire Dept, Coos Bay, Oregon, USA
791 (4) 1912 n/a Minnesota, USA
n/a n/a n/a Museo Municipal, Sagua la Grande, Cuba
n/a n/a n/a Napa, California, USA
n/a n/a n/a Koochiching County Historical Society, International Falls, Minnesota, USA
n/a n/a n/a Royalton Historical Museum, Royalton, Minnesota, USA
n/a n/a 1st size Minnesota, USA
n/a n/a 3rd size Natchez Fire Dept, Natchez, Mississippi, USA
n/a n/a n/a Marathon County Historical Museum, Wausau, Wisconsin, USA
n/a (5) n/a n/a Richfield, Wisconsin, USA
n/a n/a n/a Laramie Fire Dept, Laramie, Wyoming, USA
(1) Fitted with 1916 American-LaFrance Type 31 tractor.
(2) Possibly rebuild of Clapp & Jones engine.
(3) Fitted with 1919 American-LaFrance Type 32 tractor.
(4) Fitted with American-LaFrance Type 31 tractor.
(5) Missing original engine/pump.


 

Reaney & Neafie / Neafie & Levy (USA)

Jacob G. Neafie was born in New Jersey in 1815, and after serving his apprenticeship as a machinist he found employment in with the shipbuilders Thomas Holloway of Philadelphia. In 1844 Neafie formed a partnership with Thomas Reaney and William Smith under the name of Reaney, Neafie & Co.; the following year Smith was replaced by Captain John P. Levy as the financial partner. In the 1850s a local inventor by the name of Joseph L. Parry developed a design for a steam fire engine, which subsequently came to the notice of the Philadelphia Hose Company No.1. In 1857, having raised the necessary funds, they approached Reaney, Neafie & Co. to build an engine to Parry's design. Parry himself supervised the construction and the engine was given its first trial on Christmas Day 1857, being delivered to the Company No.1 early the following year. The engine proved a great success, and in August 1858 it was sent to Boston to participate in the steam fire engine contest to be held there. Reaney & Neafie were offered in three sizes, and by the time Thomas Reaney retired from the firm in 1861 they had built several dozen steamers. The company subsequently became known as Neafie & Levy, and continued to fulfill orders for engines from across the United States and even from overseas (the 38th engine built in 1868 went to Cuba). John Levy died in 1868 and the firm stopped producing steam fire engines several years later, although Neafie continued shipbuilding for another three decades.
(Note: Engines to Parry's design were also built by S.W. Landell & Co., Hunnsworth, Eakin & Co. and the Philadelphia Hydrauilic Works.)
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
1 1858 1st size Fireman's Hall Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
28 1862 2nd size Haggin Museum, Stockton, California, USA
38 1868 2nd size Palacio de los Pioneros, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba


 

Řezáč (Czech Republic)

The firm of Řezáč a spol. was based in Prague, but no further information has been found so far.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1912 n/a Fire Brigade, Uherský Brod, Czech Republic


 

Ronald (Canada)

Andrew Hyslop and John D. Ronald established an engineering and shipbuilding firm at Chatham, Ontario in the mid 19th century. In the 1860s they also turned their attention to building steam fire engines. However, financial difficulties, and an acrimonious dispute with the town of Chatham over their choice of steam fire engine to replace its hand-powered engines, led to the sale of the Hyslop & Ronald plant to engineer David Park in 1877. The following year, J.D. Ronald was approached by the town of Brussels, Ontario, with the offer of a loan of $20,000 to relocate his works there. In addition to steam fire engines, the newly-established Brussels Steam Fire Engine & Agricultural Works built separators and offered castings for implements such as reapers and mowers. From the 1880s the company began shipping steamers to western Canada, with engines being purchased by fire Depts at Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouver. Ronald was still building steam fire engines in the mid 1890s, but the subsequent fate of the company is unclear; no doubt they eventually found it impossible to compete with cheaper engines being imported from the United States.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1870 (Hyslop & Ronald) Civic Center, Chatham, Ontario, Canada
n/a 1879 n/a Doon Heritage Village, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
n/a c.1882 n/a Fire Fighters Museum, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
n/a 1883 n/a Fire Department, Summerside, Prince Edward Island, Canada
n/a 1890 n/a Brant Museum, Brantford, Ontario, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Firefighters Museum of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Firefighters Museum, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada


 

Rose (England)

William Rose established a business manufacturing hoses, fire escapes and other fire-fighting equipment at the Metropolitan Works, Oldfield Road, Salford in north-west England. By the 1890s, he had supplied over a hundred fire brigades with horse-drawn fire manual fire engines, fire escapes, hose tenders and carts. In 1897 Rose built his first steam fire engines, which were very similar design to those offered by Shand, Mason & Co. The first two engines built were 350 gpm machines and went to Selly Oak and Kings Norton in Birmingham, but the range was later expanded to include 250 gpm and 450 gpm models. Rose's engines were of very high quality and won a number of awards, often proving themselves superior to the products of Merryweather and Shand Mason. William Rose & Co. finished building steam fire engines in 1902, but the Metropolitan Works continued producing fire hoses until its eventual closure in 1974.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
466 1892 Metropolitan Ulster Folk & Transport Museum, Holywood, Co. Down, Northern Ireland
n/a 1876 Metropolitan Burton upon Trent Fire Station, Staffordshire, England
n/a n/a Metropolitan Essen, Germany
n/a n/a Metropolitan n/a
n/a 1900 Double Vertical n/a


 

Rosenbauer & Kneitschel (Austria)

In 1866, Johann Rosenbauer established a trading house for fire-fighting supplies in Linz, Austria. In 1906 Konrad Rosenbauer joined forces with Heinrich Kneitschel, who had previously been head of production with the Flader company, to produce his own fire equipment under the name of Rosenbauer & Kneitschel. In 1910 the company produced its first petrol-powered fire pump, and this was closely followed by the first steam fire engine, which was sold to the Nettingsdorf paper factory in Linz.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
2 1913 n/a Schlossmuseum Linz, Austria


 

Satō (Japan)

Satō Tekkōjo (Satō Ironworks) of Osaka built steam fire engines with a two-cylinder vertical pump mounted behind the boiler.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Kobe Fire Academy, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a n/a Kanagawa Prefectural Disaster Management Centre, Atsugi, Japan


 

Shand, Mason & Co. (England)

Shand, Mason & Co. of Blackfriars, London traced its ancestry back to a man named Philips, who began building hand engines in 1774. He was succeeded by Hopwood in 1798, followed by Tilley in 1820, before the business became known as Shand, Mason & Co. in 1851 after James Shand and Samuel Mason, who were married to Tilley's two daughters. The following year the company was employed by the London Fire Engine Establishment to develop the world's first floating steam fire engine, and in 1858 the first Shand, Mason & Co. land steam fire engine, a single-cylinder vertical design, was built for St Petersburg, Russia. Two years a Shand, Mason & Co. steamer was hired by the London Fire Brigade as their first land-based steam fire engine, and in 1861 they purchased from the company a larger two-cylinder horizontal engine that received first prize at the London International Exhibition the following year. A revolutionary new design was introduced in 1869 - the 'Equilibrium', with three steam cylinders and three double-acting pumps arranged vertically. This model, together with the single-cylinder 'London Brigade Vertical' design, would form the mainstay of the firm's production for several decades. In 1889 came the next groundbreaking design - the twin-cylinder 'Double Vertical', which proved immensely popular both at home and abroad, especially when fitted with the patent Variable Expansion gear that provided the greatest power possible with a given supply of steam. However, by the early 1900s the writing was on the wall for steam fire engines, and Shand, Mason & Co. unfortunately failed to make the transition to self-propelled, internal combustion-powered appliances. They did build a small number of self-moving steamers, but these were too complicated and too expensive, and only a handful were sold. By the early 1920s the company was in the hands of the receivers, and in 1922 they were bought out by their greatest rival Merrweather & Sons, who sold off the remaining stock over the next few years.

Note: Shand Mason engines are generally marked with a number on the pump and sometimes on the boiler too - where known, the boiler number is shown below by a number in squared brackets after the pump number. Because of the lack of data for many surviving Shand Mason engines, they are listed below by geographical location rather than number.

Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a London Brigade Vertical Fire Brigade, La Boca, Argentina
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump San Antonio railway works, Patagonia, Argentina
n/a n/a Double Vertical Museo 'Memorias de Fuego', San Luis, Argentina
n/a n/a London Brigade Vertical Georgetown, Ascension Island
n/a (1) n/a Double Vertical Antique Mechanical Music Museum, St Peters, New South Wales, Australia
n/a 1891 Equilibrium Museum of Fire, Penrith, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
n/a 1895 London Brigade Vertical South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service, Adelaide, South Australia
n/a n/a Volunteer Fire Services Museum, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
n/a n/a Double Vertical Autoworld, Brussels, Belgium
n/a 1871 Vertical single-cyl. Brockville Museum, Brockville, Ontario, Canada
n/a 1871 Equilibrium Pompiers Auxiliares de Montréal, Québec, Canada
n/a n/a Equilibrium Museo Bomberil "Benito Riquelme", Talca, Chile
n/a n/a Equilibrium Museo Nacional Masónico, Havana, Cuba
n/a n/a Double Vertical Sala de los Bomberos, Havana, Cuba
n/a n/a London Brigade Vertical Národní Technické Muzeum, Prague, Czech Republic
2015 1909 Double Vertical Bedfordshire & Luton Fire & Rescue Service, Bedfordshire, England
n/a 1894 Double Vertical Royal Berkshire Fire & Rescue Service, Berkshire, England
n/a n/a Equilibrium Museum Collections Centre, Birmingham, England
n/a n/a Stationary Pump Museum Collections Centre, Birmingham, England
n/a 1911 London Brigade Vertical Buckinghamshire, England
n/a (2) 1912 Double Vertical Prickwillow Engine Trust, Ely, Cambridgeshire, England
n/a 1880 London Brigade Vertical Cheshire Fire & Rescue Service, Cheshire, England
n/a 1893 Double Vertical Tatton Park, Cheshire, England
n/a 1893 London Brigade Vertical Flambards Theme Park, Helston, Cornwall, England
n/a 1913 Volunteer Devon, England
n/a 1892 Equilibrium Poole Museum, Poole, Dorset, England
1498 1901 Double Vertical Beamish - The Living Museum of the North, Stanley, Co. Durham, England
n/a 1903 Double Vertical Beamish - The Living Museum of the North, Stanley, Co. Durham, England
1833 1890 Double Vertical British Engineerium, Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, England
1127 1875 Volunteer Fire Service College, Moreton in Marsh, Gloucestershire, England
1909 1907 Double Vertical Fire Service College, Moreton in Marsh, Gloucestershire, England
1558 1906 Double Vertical Badminton Estate, Gloucestershire, England
561 1885 London Brigade Vertical Milestones Museum, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England
n/a 1904 Volunteer Breamore Countryside Museum, Fordingbridge, Hampshire, England
1686 1905 Double Vertical Hampshire, England
1639 (3) n/a Double Vertical Hampshire, England
1842 1908 Double Vertical Hampshire, England
n/a 1896 Double Vertical Hertfordshire Fire & Rescue Service, Hertfordshire, England
2017 (4) 1876 London Brigade Vertical Hertfordshire, England
2606 1897 Double Vertical Kent Fire & Rescue Service Museum, Maidstone, Kent, England
1456 (5) 1900 Double Vertical Kent, England
1400 1898 Double Vertical British Commercial Vehicle Museum, Leyland, Lancashire, England
1981 1880 London Brigade Vertical Snibston Discovery Museum, Leicestershire, England
n/a 1898 Double Vertical Normanby Hall Museum, Burton-upon-Stather, Lincolnshire, England
n/a 1901 Double Vertical National Museums Liverpool, Liverpool, England
715 1891 London Brigade Vertical London Fire Brigade Museum, Southwark, London, England
1843 n/a Double Vertical Greater Manchester Fire Service Museum, Rochdale, England
n/a (6) 1890 Double Vertical Kew Bridge Steam Museum, Brentford, Middlesex, England
n/a 1896 Double Vertical Whitewebbs Museum of Transport, Enfield, Middlesex, England
n/a n/a Stationary Pump Bressingham Steam Museum, Diss, Norfolk, England
1895 1881 Equilibrium Bridewell Museum, Norwich, Norfolk, England
n/a 1905 Double Vertical York Castle Museum, York, North Yorkshire, England
n/a 1883 Double Vertical North Yorkshire, England
n/a (7) n/a Double Vertical Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England
1482 1896 Equilibrium Richmond, North Yorkshire, England
n/a 1882 Equilibrium Fire & Police Museum, Sheffied, South Yorkshire, England
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump Wortley Top Forge, Sheffied, South Yorkshire, England
n/a 1911 Volunteer Museum of East Anglian Life, Stowmarket, Suffolk, England
1001 c.1895 Light Portable Pump Surrey, England
1625 n/a Double Vertical Surrey, England
1858 1909 Double Vertical Warwickshire, England
n/a 1909 Light Portable Pump Warwickshire, England
1592 1901 Double Vertical West Midlands Fire Service, England
n/a 1875 Equilibrium Bradford Industrial Museum, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
n/a 1891 Equilibrium Armley Mills - Leeds Industrial Museum, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
1996 [8239] 1892 Double Vertical Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump West Sussex, England
n/a 1896 Volunteer Warnham Park Museum, Horsham, West Sussex, England
n/a (8) n/a n/a Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England
964 1894 Double Vertical Science Museum at Wroughton, Wiltshire, England
n/a n/a Double Vertical Musée des sapeurs-pompiers de Lyon et du Rhône, Lyon, France
n/a n/a Self-Propelled City Museum, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
n/a (9) n/a (Double Vertical) Museo Vigili del Fuoco, Carate Brianza, Italy
n/a (10) n/a Equilibrium Museo Storico dei Vigili del Fuoco, Milan, Italy
n/a (11) n/a n/a Museo Storico dei Vigili del Fuoco, Milan, Italy
n/a (12) n/a (Double Vertical) Museo Storico dei Vigili del Fuoco, Milan, Italy
n/a (13) n/a (Equilibrium) Museo Storico dei Vigili del Fuoco, Milan, Italy
n/a 1875 Volunteer Fire Brigade, Naples, Italy
n/a n/a Double Vertical Trieste, Italy
n/a c.1897 Light Portable Pump Kurabo Museum, Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture, Japan
n/a n/a London Brigade Vertical Kyoto Fire Academy, Kyoto, Japan
n/a n/a Equilibrium Tokyo Fire Academy, Tokyo, Japan
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump Tokyo Fire Museum, Yotsuya, Tokyo, Japan
[1198] 1899 Double Vertical Latvijas Ugunsdzēsības Muzejs, Riga, Latvia
n/a 1884 Volunteer Stichting Historisch Brandweermaterieel, The Hague, Netherlands
1302 1899 Equilibrium Amsterdam, Netherlands
n/a 1889 London Brigade Vertical Plains Vintage Railway & Historical Museum, Ashburton, New Zealand
n/a 1873 Single Horizontal Hall of Flame, Ferrymead, New Zealand
n/a 1887 London Brigade Vertical Jubilee Fire Museum, Masterton, New Zealand
n/a n/a Equilibrium Fire Brigade, Drammen, Norway
n/a n/a Equilibrium Fredrikstad, Norway
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump Fire Brigade, Grimstad, Norway
n/a 1874 Equilibrium Norsk Teknisk Museum, Oslo, Norway
n/a n/a London Brigade Vertical Brannmuseet, Stavanger, Norway
n/a n/a Volunteer Museu do Regimento de Sapadores Bombeiros, Lisbon, Portugal
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump? Muzeul Naţional Tehnic, Bucharest, Romania
n/a (14) n/a (Double Vertical) Pozharno-Tekhnicheskaya Vystavka, St Petersburg, Russia
1513 1889 Double Vertical Village Grampian Transport Museum, Alford, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
n/a n/a Equilibrium Aberdeen, Scotland
n/a (15) n/a Light Portable Pump Grampian Transport Museum, Alford, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
n/a n/a Equilibrium Forfar, Angus, Scotland
n/a n/a Double Vertical Tayside Fire & Rescue Headquarters, Dundee, Scotland
978 1873 Equilibrium Museum of Fire, Edinburgh, Scotland
1305 1879 Equilibrium Fife, Scotland
2097 1900 Double Vertical Dunrobin Castle, Golspie, Highland, Scotland
n/a n/a Double Vertical Highland Folk Museum, Newtonmore, Highland, Scotland
n/a 1895 Double Vertical Dallas Dhu Whisky Distillery, Forres, Moray, Scotland
1127 c.1893 Double Vertical Strathclyde Fire & Rescue Museum, Strathclyde, Scotland
n/a n/a New Volunteer Parque de Bomberos Voluntarios, Santander, Spain
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump MUBOMA, Alcoy, Spain
n/a n/a Light Portable Pump Bombers de Palma, Majorca, Spain
n/a 1862 Double Cylinder (vert.) Museiföreningen Räddningstjänsten Storgöteborg, Gårda, Sweden
n/a 1876? Equilibrium Museiföreningen Räddningstjänsten Storgöteborg, Gårda, Sweden
n/a n/a Equilibrium Härnösand, Sweden
n/a n/a n/a Länsmuseet, Jönköping, Sweden
n/a 1877 Single Horizontal Västra Götaland County, Sweden
n/a 1874 No.1 Vertical Fire Brigade, Uppsala, Sweden
n/a n/a London Brigade Vertical Izmir, Turkey
n/a (16) 1890 Double Vertical Hall of Flame, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
n/a (17) 1890 Double Vertical Illinois, USA?
n/a 1912 Double Vertical Welsh Museum of Fire, Skewen, Neath, Wales
(1) Imported from UK in 1980s.
(2) Fitted with pneumatic tyres.
(3) Engine/pump only.
(4) Fitted with replacement engine/pump during working life.
(5) Engine/pump only.
(6) Originally London Brigade Vertical single-cylinder model.
(7) Converted to run on petrol.
(8) Two-cylinder horizontal engine/pump mounted on gun carriage with Clarkson boiler.
(9) Boiler and engine/pump only.
(10) Fitted with solid rubber tyres and converted to oil-fired.
(11) Fitted with pneumatic tyres.
(12) Boiler and engine/pump only.
(13) Boiler and engine/pump only.
(14) Boiler and engine/pump only.
(15) Mounted on Albion truck.
(16) Ex-Rugby Fire Brigade, Warwickshire, England.
(17) Ex-Warwick Fire Brigade, England (formerly in Henry Ford Museum).


 

Shimizu (Japan)

Yashichi Shimizu established his Sokutō Shokikai Seizōsho (Factory for Pumps and Various Appliances) in the Kanda district of Tokyo, and produced steam fire engines with a mid-mounted single-cylinder vertical pump.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Kitakami Fire Museum, Kitakami, Iwate Prefecture, Japan


 

Silsby (USA)

Horace C. Silsby was born in Sheffield, Connecticut in 1817 but grew up in the village of Mendon, New York. After leaving school he worked as a clerk in various places before settling in the town of Seneca Falls, New York in 1836, where he set up a workshop with his brother William and brother-in-law William Wheeler to manufacture axes and mill picks. He later moved into the hardware trade, establishing the Island Works at Seneca Falls in 1845 to produce pumps and stove castings - one of his employees was Birdsall Holly, who developed and patented the novel design of rotary pump that would determine the future course of Silsby's life. By 1856, when Silsby began to experiment with building a steam fire engine, the firm was known as Silsby, Mynderse & Co. as a result of a partnership with Edward Mynderse and John Shoemaker. The first Silsby, Mynderse & Co. steam fire engine was completed the same year - self-propelled and weighing around 9500 lbs, it was named 'Neptune' and incorporated Holly's design of rotary pump. The engine was exhibited at the Crystal Palace in New York City in 1856 but was never sold and was broken up shortly afterwards. The first production engine, named 'Long John', was built the following year and sold to the city of Chicago for $5000. (Incidentally, one of Silsby's employees at this time was Mirtillow R. Clapp, who went on to found Clapp & Jones.) In the early 1860s Silsby parted company with Mynderse and Shoemaker and the firm became known as the Silsby Manufacturing Co. Further refinements were made to the rotary engine design and by the mid 1870s the Silsby steam fire engine had assumed the form that it would take from that point onwards - a crane-neck frame with horizontally-mounted rotary steam cylinder and rotary pump. Although Silsby engines attracted a loyal following, competition in the steam fire engine market was fierce, and in 1891 the decision was taken to merge with the Ahrens Manufacturing Co., the Clapp & Jones Manufacturing Co. and the Button Fire Engine Co. to form the American Fire Engine Company. By this stage more than a thousand Silsby engines had already been built and they would continue to be manufactured at Seneca Falls to the same design until around 1905, albeit under a different name.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
39 1862 1st size Marysville Fire Dept, Marysville, California, USA
207 1869 3rd size Elgin Fire Barn No. 5 Museum, Elgin, Illinois, USA
208 1869 4th size Bucyrus Historical Society, Bucyrus, Ohio, USA
232 1870 3rd size Pennsylvania State Museum, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA
288 1871 3rd size Madison County Historical Society Museum, London, Ohio, USA
361 1872 3rd size Pennsylvania National Fire Museum, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA
378 1872 3rd size Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan, USA
400 1873 4th size Cambridge Fire Dept, Cambridge, Ohio, USA
401 1873 3rd size New Jersey, USA?
412 1873 3rd size Indiana, USA
409 1873 5th size Autry National Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
413 (1) 1873 3rd size Museum of the Albemarle, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, USA
418 1873 3rd size North Lee County Historical Society, Fort Madison, Iowa, USA
426 1873 3rd size Huron County Museum, Goderich, Ontario, Canada
437 1874 2nd size William Cameron Fire Co. Museum, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, USA
438 1874 2nd size Canal Fulton Fire Dept, Canal Fulton, Ohio, USA
465 1874 4th size Beaufort, South Carolina, USA
483 1874 3rd size Honesdale Fire Dept, Honesdale, Pennsylvania, USA
503 1875 3rd size Morven Park, Leesburg, Virginia, USA
514 1875 2nd size Delaware County Historical Society, Hopkinton, Iowa, USA
534 1875 2nd size Fire Dept, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, Canada
536 1876 3rd size Engine House No.5 Museum, Allendale, Michigan, USA
548 1877 3rd size Hall of Flame, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
554 1877 4th size Lynchburg Fire Dept, Lynchburg, Virginia, USA
557 1877 3rd size Brockport Fire Dept Museum, Brockport, New York, USA
560 1877 3rd size Union Fire Co. No.1, Hamburg, Pennsylvania, USA
562 1877 3rd size Bridgeton Fire Dept, Bridgeton, New Jersey, USA
584 1878 2nd size Harlan Fire Dept, Harlan, Iowa, USA
588 1878 4th size USA
589 1878 3rd size Tremont Fire Company, Tremont, Pennsylvania, USA
604 1879 4th size New Bern Firemen's Museum, New Bern, North Carolina, USA
607 1879 3rd size Brenham Fire Dept, Brenham, Texas, USA
612 1879 3rd size Venerable Fire Company Museum, Slinger, Wisconsin, USA
616 1879 3rd size Salisbury Fire Dept, Salisbury, Maryland, USA
626 1880 3rd size Firefighters Museum, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
634 (2) 1880 4th size Mount Holly Fire Dept, Mount Holly, New Jersey, USA
636 1880 5th size Everett Fire Dept, Everett, Pennsylvania, USA
655 1881 4th size Marietta Fire Museum, Marietta, Georgia, USA
657 1881 5th size Friendship Fire Dept, Friendship, New York, USA
684 1882 4th size Spring City Fire Dept, Spring City, Pennsylvania, USA
685 1882 5th size Seneca Falls Museum of Waterways and Industry, New York, USA
686 1882 6th size Alma Fire and Mining Museum, Alma, Colorado, USA
688 1882 4th size Hanover Fire Museum, Hanover, Pennsylvania, USA
693 1882 4th size Sanger, California, USA
712 1882 5th size Hempstead Fire Dept, Hempstead, New York, USA
714 1882 4th size Otter Tail County Historical Society, Fergus Falls, Minnesota, USA
717 1883 3rd size Sioux Falls Fire Dept, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
725 1883 5th size Pennsylvania, USA
731 1883 5th size Silver Dollar City, Branson, Missouri, USA
758 1883 3rd size Chariton Fire Dept, Chariton, Iowa, USA
767 1884 5th size Oxford, Massachusetts, USA
797 1884 5th size Compañía de Bomberos Unión Chalaca No.1, Callao, Peru
808 1885 5th size Fire Department, Shepherdstown, West Virginia
841 1886 2nd size Gettysburg Fire Dept, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, USA
853 1886 1st size American-LaFrance Museum, North Charleston, South Carolina, USA
854 1886 3rd size Phoenix Fire Co. No.2 Museum, Chillicothe, Ohio, USA
856 1886 5th size Monroe Fire Dept, Monroe, North Carolina, USA
859 1885 4th size Bytown Fire Brigade, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
863 1886 3rd size Wade House, Greenbush, Wisconsin, USA
873 1887 5th size New Jersey Fire Museum, Allaire State Park, New Jersey, USA
899 1888 5th size Washington Fire Dept, Washington, North Carolina, USA
907 1888 5th size Los Angeles County Fire Museum, Bellflower, California, USA
910 1888 5th size American Heritage 'Big Red' Fire Museum, Louisville, Mississippi, USA
911 1888 4th size Cicero, New York, USA
912 1888 5th size Old Fire Hall, Vinalhaven, Maine, USA
925 1888 5th size New York, USA
933 1888 4th size Bozeman Fire Dept, Bozeman, Montana, USA
934 1888 4th size Fire Dept, Visalia, California, USA
951 1889 2nd size Spokane Fire Dept, Spokane, Washington, USA
962 1889 2nd size Lou Holtz/Upper Ohio Valley Hall of Fame, East Liverpool, Ohio, USA
1004 1891 4th size Yantic Fire Engine Co., Yantic, Connecticut, USA
1013 1891 4th size USA
n/a n/a n/a Transportation Museum, Fayetteville, North Carolina, USA
n/a n/a n/a Lima Firefighters Memorial Museum, Lima, Ohio, USA
n/a (3) n/a n/a Toledo Firefighters Museum, Toledo, Ohio, USA
n/a n/a n/a Darlington Fire Dept, Darlington, South Carolina, USA
n/a n/a n/a Toronto Fire Dept, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
(1) Rebuilt by American Fire Engine Co. as No.2888 of 1902, 2nd size.
(2) Rebuilt by American Fire Engine Co. as No.3030 of 1904, 3rd size.
(3) Silsby frame, wheels and boiler recently fitted with non-original pump for display purposes.


 

Smekal (Czech Republic)

In 1820 Antonín Smekal purchased a farm in the Bohemian village of Čechy pod Kosířem and began to manufacture fire buckets. The demand for these was such that his son František soon joined the firm, and they also began to offer wooden fire extinguishers and manual fire engines. In 1878 František Smekal bought a factory in the Smíchov district of Prague, which allowed him to expand his range of fire-fighting equipment. After František's death in 1883 the Čechy pod Kosířem factory passed to his widow, while the Prague works was taken over by his twenty year-old son Raimund August Smekal. By 1891, however, R.A. Smekal was running both factories and was free to turn his attention to a new product line: steam fire engines. Built at the Smíchov works, these were heavily influenced by Austrian designs of the period, and featured vertical inline steam cylinders and pumps mounted ahead of the boiler. A smaller single-cylinder, rear-mounted design was also introduced later on, as well as a series of other mid-mounted configurations. Smekal steam fire engines continued to be built until the First World War, during which only repairs to existing engines were authorised and the factory was turned over to military production. After the war the company's fortunes declined, and it went through several changes in ownership before being eventually wound up in the 1940s.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
7 1892 n/a Fire Brigade, Klatovy, Czech Republic
8 1892 n/a Fire Brigade, Tábor, Czech Republic
11 1894 n/a Expozice Požární Ochrany HZS ČR, Zbiroh, Czech Republic
15 1895 n/a Hasičské Muzeum, Postřekov, Czech Republic
24 1897 n/a Hasičské Muzeum, Přibyslav, Czech Republic
43 1901 n/a Feuerwehrmuseum, Salzbergen, Germany
52 1904 n/a Fire Brigade, Semily, Czech Republic
59 1907 n/a Fire Brigade, Roztoky, Czech Republic
62 1908 n/a Fire Brigade, Svojanov, Czech Republic
65 1907 n/a Fire Brigade, Polička, Czech Republic
72 1908 n/a Veselý Kopec (open-air museum), Vysočina, Czech Republic
75 1909 n/a Fire Brigade, Netolice, Czech Republic
79 1910 n/a Fire Brigade, Opočno, Czech Republic
154 1922 n/a Fire Brigade, Svitávka, Czech Republic
n/a 1893 n/a Fire Brigade, Kouřim, Czech Republic
n/a 1911 n/a Hasičské Muzeum, Ostrava-Přívoz, Czech Republic
n/a 1912 n/a Fire Brigade, Bořitov, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Chotětov, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Muzeum Hasičské Techniky, Chrastava, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Jilemnice, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Poděbrady, Czech Republic
n/a n/a n/a Národní Technické Muzeum, Prague, Czech Republic


 

Thirion (France)

Romain Thirion of Paris was the leading builder of hand fire pumps in France in the early 1800s. His son, Antoine-Romain, took over the family business and in 1867 exhibited a steam fire engine at the Exposition Universelle in Paris. It was described as having two vertical steam cylinders mounted at the rear of the boiler with three pumps placed between them and driven via a common crankshaft. The vertical design seems to have been abandoned shortly afterwards, but the same configuration of cylinders/pumps was transferred to a horizontal position in front of the boiler. This was later changed once more to an opposed design of cylinders/pumps, which was used for all subsequent production, with engines being sold first under the name 'A. Thirion' and later 'Thirion et Fils'. Thirion supplied some of the first steam fire engines used in France, with early machines going to Bourdeaux and Paris; they went on to become the bestselling maker of steamers in France, and a number of engines were also sold to other European countries and even as far afield as South America. In the early 1900s Thirion also began to build two-wheeled motor fire pumps, and these were later successfully mounted on Citroën chassis to produce automobile fire engines, which led to the firm being acquired by the Franco-American company Worthington-Batignolles in 1935.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
66 1876 n/a Musée Départemental des Sapeurs Pompiers du Val d'Oise, Osny, France
76 1878 n/a Château-Musée Louis-Philippe, Eu, Normandy, France
8074 n/a n/a Primera Compañia de Bomberos de San Felipe, Chile
8876 n/a n/a Musée des Sapeurs-Pompiers de France, Montville, France
10964 1901 n/a Musée des Sapeurs-Pompiers de France, Montville, France
11415 1903 n/a Louwman Museum/Nationaal Automobiel Museum, The Hague, Netherlands
11607 1903 n/a Musée Départemental des Sapeurs-Pompiers, Bagnoles de l’Orne, France
11623 1904 n/a Dives-sur-Mer, France
n/a 1878 n/a Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
n/a 1885 n/a Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares, Málaga, Spain
n/a 1896 n/a L'Espace du Sapeur-Pompier, Plougastel-Daoulas, Brittany, France
n/a n/a n/a Musée des Sapeurs-Pompiers de la Loire, Firminy, France
n/a n/a n/a Brigade de Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris, France
n/a n/a n/a Brigade de Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris, France
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Reims, France
n/a n/a n/a Fire Brigade, Palermo, Sicily, Italy


 

Thomson (Australia)

Herbert Thomson was born in Melbourne, Australia in 1870 and built his first steam engine at the age of nineteen for use in a river boat. In 1897 he set up as a manufacturer of steam engines and boilers in the Armadale suburb of Melbourne, and soon began work on a steam car. This was completed in 1899, and was followed by a dozen or so more cars, as well as carousel engines and at least one steam fire engine. Thomson abandoned vehicle building in 1912 to became a consulting engineer, and passed away in 1947.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a n/a n/a Victoria, Australia


 

Tidow (Germany)

Louis Tidow established an engineering works in 1837 at Badenstedt near Hannover in northern Germany to manufacture weaving machinery, and from 1871 he also began to build manual fire engines. After his death in 1878, his son Konrad took over the business and around the turn of the century he introduced steam fire engines to the product line. These still carried the 'Louis Tidow' name, and a small number were sold to fire brigades in Germany and neighbouring countries. One design was very similar to other German steamers of the period, with a crane-neck frame and mid-mounted cylinders/pumps, although a smaller straight-frame engine was also produced with the unusual combination of twin vertical steam cylinders and horizontal pump, all mounted behind the boiler.Petrol-powered fire engines were also built for a while, but production ceased altogether in 1925, two years after the death of Konrad Tidow.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
2431 1912 n/a Freiwillige Feuerwehr Weetzen, Weetzen, Germany
n/a 1904 n/a Freiwillige Feuerwehr Delmenhorst, Delmenhorst, Germany
n/a n/a n/a Muzeum Pożarnictwa, Warsaw, Poland


 

Troetzer (Poland)

Adolf Troetzer was a well-known Polish industrialist, who in 1842 established a factory for the production of pumps and fire-fighting equipment in Warsaw. After Adolf passed away in 1900 the business was taken over by his son, Józef (born 1866), who purchased larger premises in the town of Pruszków in central Poland in 1903. The company was renamed 'Fabryka Maszyn, Odlewnia i Kotlarnia Józef Troetzer' (Józef Troetzer Machinery Factory, Foundry and Boiler Works), and as well as the Pruszków works an office and warehouse were retained in Warsaw. Troetzer offered a wide range of products including pumps and manual fire engines, and these received numerous awards at exhibitions as far afield as the United States and Russia. Adolf and/or Józef Troetzer also built at least one steam fire engine of a horizontal design, but the true extent of production is unclear. Józef Troetzer passed away in 1937.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1887 n/a Komenda Wojewódzka Państwowej Straży Pożarnej, Łodz, Poland


 

Tullgarn (Sweden)

Tullgarns Gjuteri och Mekaniska Verkstads AB (Tullgarn Foundry & Mechanical Workshop Ltd) was formed in 1899 at Uppsala, Sweden. At first they produced just pig-iron castings, but later diversified into refrigeration plants, brick presses, pumps and steam fire engines. These engines were very similar to the Ludwigsberg design, with twin cylinders and pumps mounted vertically in front of the boiler. Very few seem to have been built, and the company soon returned to its main focus of refrigeration equipment, which was supplied to countries across Europe. In 1955 the firm was taken over by ASEA of Västerås, who closed the old Tullgarn works in 1961.
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
10 1910 n/a Kanalmuséet, Håverud, Mellerud, Sweden
15 1911 n/a Fire Museum, Eksjö, Sweden
34 1926 n/a Fire Station, Avesta, Sweden
n/a n/a n/a Helsingin Pelastuslaitoksen Palomuseo, Helsinki, Finland
n/a n/a n/a Storstockholms Brandförsvar, Midsommarkransen, Stockholm, Sweden


 

Waterous (Canada/USA)

Charles Horatio Waterous was born in Burlington, Vermont, USA in 1814 and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to a local blacksmith, Thomas Davenport. After subsequent work as a machinist and as an engineer on Great Lakes steamers, as well as an ill-fated partnership with Davenport building electric motors, he eventually accepted an offer to help reorganise a foundry business in Brantford, Ontario, Canada. Waterous transformed the foundry into a steam engine factory and soon found himself a partner in the firm. In 1864 he formed a new company, C. H. Waterous and Co. (later renamed Waterous Engine Works Co.) which achieved great success in producing sawmilling equipment, steam engines, and oil and water pumps. In the 1880s Waterous accepted an offer from the chamber of commerce in St Paul, Minnesota (USA) to open a factory there, which was placed under the management of his son Frederick. The St Paul works began to build steam fire engines from around 1886, and these were of an unusual appearance with the steam cylinders and pumps mounted horizontally on a tubular frame. Around 1898 Waterous steam fire engine production seems to have shifted to Brantford, Ontario, but is unclear whether there was any overlap. What is clear is that the Brantford-built engines were of a completely different design, with a crane-neck frame and the twin cylinders and pumps mounted vertically in front of the boiler. Waterous dominated the Canadian market with these engines as a result of their efficiency and reliability, and also achieved some sales success in South America. In 1898 they also introduced their first petrol-powered horse-drawn fire engine, and these went on to prove even more popular than the steamers. The first Waterous automobile fire engine appeared in 1906 and these were built until 1929, when the decision was made to specialise in pumps, hydrants, valves and accessories, an area which the company remains active in to this day.

 
American-built engines
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
8 1888 n/a Pope County Museum, Glenwood, Minnesota, USA
11 1888 n/a Kandiyohi County Historical Society Museum, Willmar, Minnesota, USA
17 1889 n/a Barnesville Fire Hall, Barnesville, Minnesota, USA
28 1890 n/a Jordan Fire Dept, Jordan, Minnesota, USA
62 1894 No.2 Firefighters Hall and Museum, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
65 1893 n/a Ellsworth Fire Dept, Ellsworth, Wisconsin, USA
74 1895 No.2 Griggs County Museum, Cooperstown, North Dakota, USA
93 1898 No.2 Pine City Fire Dept, Pine City, Minnesota, USA
102 (1) 1899 n/a Bigfork Fire Department, Bigfork, Montana, USA
n/a (2) n/a n/a Sauder Village, Archbold, Ohio, USA
n/a n/a n/a Kiel Fire Dept, Kiel, Wisconsin, USA
(1) Fitted with American-LaFrance tractor.
(2) Motor-powered pumper fitted with boiler and steam engine.

 

Canadian-built engines
Serial No. Year Size/Type Owner/Location
n/a 1899 2nd size Victoria Fire Dept, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
n/a 1900 1st size Dawson City Fire Dept, Dawson City, Yukon, Canada
n/a 1901 3rd size Reliance Fire Museum, Estes Park, Colorado, USA
n/a 1908 n/a St Catharines Museum and Welland Canals Centre, Ontario, Canada
n/a 1912 2nd size Vintage Fire Museum, New Albany, Indiana, USA
n/a n/a n/a Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, California, USA
n/a n/a n/a Grand Forks Fire Dept, Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Canada Science and Technology Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Thunder Bay Historical Museum, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Musée des Pompiers de Montréal, Québec, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Western Development Museum, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
n/a n/a n/a Tercera Compañía de Bomberos, Santiago, Chile
n/a n/a n/a Compañía de Bomberos, San Bernardo, Chile


 

Acknowledgments:

British Steam Fire Engines
Dampfmaschinen und Lokomotiven
Fire Truck World - Antique Fire-fighting Equipment Photography
Grace's Guide - British Industrial History
Historická Parní Stříkačky na Území ČR
Istoria Pozharnoi Tekhniki. Vek XX. - G.I. List
Los Angeles Fire Dept Steam Fire Engine Inventory and Assignment
Nationaal Brandweer Documentatie Centrum
North Carolina Steam Fire Engines Database
Preserved Steam Fire Engines in Cuba
Steam Fire Engines built by American Fire Engine Co./American-LaFrance Fire Engine Co.
Stines built by C. Ahrens & Co./Ahrens Mfg Co.
Stichting Historisch Brandweermaterieel
Surviving Amoskeag Fire Engines
The Silsby Site
Surviving World Steam Vehicles
150 Jahre Feuerspritzen aus Sachsen
Z Historie Továrny R.A. Smekal
Tullgarns Gjuteri och Mekaniska Verkstad
Those Magnificent Old Steam Fire Engines - W. Fred Conway
Feuerwehren unter Dampf - Manfred Gihl
History of the American Steam Fire-Engine - William T. King
Fighting Fire with Fire - John M. Peckham The Traction Engine Register
The European Traction Engine Register
+ Bill Hall (Central Ohio Fire Museum), Brian Hillsdon, Ron Henderson, Stephanie Lucas (Henry Ford Museum), Ken Peterson, Franz-Ludwig Redler, Paul Schneider (Los Angeles County Fire Museum), Jack Selvey, Matt Spinello, Brad Utter (Waterford Historical Museum), Barrie Woods



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Copyright © 2011-2014 David Parfitt. All rights reserved. Last updated 29th November 2014.